Sprained ankle – Symptoms and causes

Overview

A twist ankle is an injury that occurs when you roll, twist or turn your ankle in an awkward way. This can stretch or tear the rugged bands of weave ( ligaments ) that help hold your ankle bones together .
Ligaments help stabilize joints, preventing excessive movement. A twist ankle occurs when the ligaments are forced beyond their normal compass of motion. Most twist ankles involve injuries to the ligaments on the out side of the ankle .
treatment for a twist ankle depends on the austereness of the injury. Although self-care measures and nonprescription pain medications may be all you need, a checkup evaluation might be necessity to reveal how badly you ‘ve sprained your ankle and to determine the allow treatment.

Video: Ankle sprain

Most ankle sprains involve injuries to the three ligaments on the outside of your ankle. Ligaments are street fighter bands of weave that stabilize joints and help prevent excessive campaign. An ankle twist occurs when you roll, turn or turn your ankle in an awkward manner. This can stretch or tear the ligaments that help hold your ankle bones together .

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Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a twist ankle vary depending on the badness of the injury. They may include :

  • Pain, especially when you bear weight on the affected foot
  • Tenderness when you touch the ankle
  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Restricted range of motion
  • Instability in the ankle
  • Popping sensation or sound at the time of injury

When to see a doctor

Call your doctor if you have pain and swelling in your ankle and you suspect a twist. Self-care measures may be all you need, but talk to your doctor to discuss whether you should have your ankle evaluated. If signs and symptoms are severe, you may have significant damage to a ligament or a break cram in your ankle or lower leg .

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Causes

Sprained ankle

Sprained ankle

Sprained ankle

A twist ankle is the stretch or fierce of ankle ligaments, which support the joint by connecting bones to each early .
A sprain occurs when your ankle is forced to move out of its normal position, which can cause one or more of the ankle ‘s ligaments to stretch, partially tear or tear wholly .
Causes of a twist ankle might include :

  • A fall that causes your ankle to twist
  • Landing awkwardly on your foot after jumping or pivoting
  • Walking or exercising on an uneven surface
  • Another person stepping or landing on your foot during a sports activity

More Information

  • Ankle sprain

Risk factors

Factors that increase your gamble of a twist ankle include :

  • Sports participation. Ankle sprains are a common sports injury, particularly in sports that require jumping, cutting action, or rolling or twisting of the foot such as basketball, tennis, football, soccer and trail running.
  • Uneven surfaces. Walking or running on uneven surfaces or poor field conditions may increase the risk of an ankle sprain.
  • Prior ankle injury. Once you’ve sprained your ankle or had another type of ankle injury, you’re more likely to sprain it again.
  • Poor physical condition. Poor strength or flexibility in the ankles may increase the risk of a sprain when participating in sports.
  • Improper shoes. Shoes that don’t fit properly or aren’t appropriate for an activity, as well as high-heeled shoes in general, make ankles more vulnerable to injury.

Complications

Failing to treat a twist ankle properly, engaging in activities excessively soon after spraining your ankle or spraining your ankle repeatedly might lead to the follow complications :

  • Chronic ankle pain
  • Chronic ankle joint instability
  • Arthritis in the ankle joint

Prevention

The be tips can help you prevent a twist ankle or a recurring sprain :

  • Warm up before you exercise or play sports.
  • Be careful when walking, running or working on an uneven surface.
  • Use an ankle support brace or tape on a weak or previously injured ankle.
  • Wear shoes that fit well and are made for your activity.
  • Minimize wearing high-heeled shoes.
  • Don’t play sports or participate in activities for which you are not conditioned.
  • Maintain good muscle strength and flexibility.
  • Practice stability training, including balance exercises.

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