Sewing Machine Parts
Before learning how to use a sewing machine, it ’ randomness important to become familiar with its key components .
- Power Switch: Usually located on the right side of the machine, the power switch turns the sewing machine on and off.
- Foot Pedal: The foot pedal controls the sewing speed. Pressing down on the pedal allows you to start stitching. Pressing harder on the pedal makes the machine sew faster, and pressing lightly makes it sew slower.
- Spool Pin: The spool pin is a small metal or plastic pin that holds the spool of thread. It can have a vertical or horizontal configuration, and it’s usually located on top of the sewing machine.
- Thread Guide: The thread guide steers the thread from the spool pin to the bobbin winder. This small metal piece holds the thread and is usually located on the top right of the sewing machine.
- Bobbin Winder: The bobbin winder is usually located on the top right of the sewing machine. As the name suggests, its purpose is to wind thread onto the bobbin.
- Hand wheel: Usually located on the right side of the machine, this large dial is used to manually lower or raise the needle.
- Stitch Selector: The stitch selector dial allows you to choose the active stitch type. On many newer sewing machines, stitch selector dials have been replaced with LCD displays with touchscreen and/or button inputs.
- Thread Take-Up Lever: The thread take-up lever is usually located on the top left side of the sewing machine. It holds the top thread taut between the spool pin and needle.
- Needle Clamp: The needle clamp is a small metal screw that holds the needle in place.
- Presser Foot: The presser foot is located adjacent to the needle. It looks similar to a small ski and can be raised and lowered using the presser foot lever. This piece helps hold fabric in place while sewing.
- Needle Plate: The needle plate is the metal plate located just below the needle.
- Feed Dogs: The feed dogs are small metal ridges located on the needle plate. These mechanisms pull fabric through the machine while sewing.
- Bobbin Cover: The bobbin cover protects the bobbin in the sewing machine, holding it in place.
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BEFORE YOU BEGIN
This guide outlines the basic steps for sewing machine apparatus and operation, but keep in mind that directions can differ between machines. When in doubt, refer to your sewing machine ’ s manual of arms for claim setup and operation instructions. Before proceed, place the sewing car on a hardy board at a comfortable height. Ensure both the needle and presser animal foot are installed before moving ahead to the future steps .
STEP 1: Wind and install the bobbin.
many sewing machines have an automatic bobbin winder. To use the bobbin winder, place the ribbon bobbin on the spool pin. Follow instructions on the sew machine ( or in the manual ) that show how to guide the string to the bobbin winder. Slide the end of the weave through the little trap in the bobbin before placing the bobbin on the bobbin winder. slide or click the bobbin winder into the wind position. Hold the end of the screw thread and crush the metrical foot pedal to start winding the weave onto the bobbin. Stop wind once the bobbin is wax. Trim the train of thought, take the bobbin off the winder, and install it into the machine under the bobbin screen. The bobbin slot can vary across unlike sewing machines, sol check the manual for demand instructions on how to insert the bobbin if you are having any trouble .
STEP 2: Thread the machine.
Sewing machines create stitches using a bottom ribbon from the bobbin and a top weave from the weave bobbin. now that the bobbin is installed, it ’ second time to thread the machine. The thread spool should already be in place on the spool pin. Take the end of the thread and follow the weave guide on the sew machine ( or in the manual ) to correctly place the thread. Once the thread is weaved throughout the car, push the thread through the eye of the acerate leaf. Threading the needle can be done by hand or with an automatic bodkin, if your sewing machine has this feature of speech. ad RELATED: 12 Things That Belong In a Beginner Sewing Kit
STEP 3: Prepare your thread and select your stitch.
Both threads need to be pulled out before you can start sewing. To pull the thread up from the bobbin, use your leftover hand to hold the phonograph needle weave taut. Use your proper pass to turn the handwheel on the right side of the sew machine. Turn it one entire revolution to allow the needle to catch the bobbin thread and bring it up above the acerate leaf plate. The queer bobbin thread should be looped. Pull on the loop to bring up the bobbin screw thread tail.
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You will now have two threads : one threaded through the acerate leaf at the crown and one screw thread coming up through the needle plate at the bottom. You ’ re about cook to start sewing. Use the stitch picker dial to choose your desire sew. To test if the machine is by rights threaded, you can run a few stitches on a nibble of fight fabric .
STEP 4: Prepare your fabric.
When you ’ ra prepared to start sewing, get your framework fix. The sewing machine needle should be raised, and the fabric should be in line with the needle. Keep the bulk of the fabric on the left side of the car for smooth sewing. Using the presser metrical foot pry, lower the presser foot to hold the framework in rate .
STEP 5: Start sewing.
It ’ randomness time to start stitching. Make certain the foot pedal is positioned comfortably under the table. Hold the unaffixed ends of the threads out of the room for your first few stitches ; this will besides prevent the threads from retreating into the framework. gently press the foot bicycle to start sewing your first base stitches. To keep the stitches securely in set and prevent them from being pulled out, you will need to do a reverse stitch ( besides known as backstitch ) at the begin and goal of each wrinkle. ad The run dogs will move the fabric along when you start sewing, so you entirely need to gently guide the framework through the machine as you stitch. Pulling or tugging the framework can damage the needle, so let your sewing machine do the work .
STEP 6: Reverse stitch and continue sewing.
After a few regular stitches, cluck or hold down the reverse stitch push button or lever. This will reverse the sew direction. Reverse sew for a few stitches ( along where you just stitched ) to secure the seam. Switch off or remove your finger from the overrule stitch restraint to revert to regular sewing. Continue sewing until the end of your wrinkle. Do a few more reverse stitches to secure the wrinkle. RELATED: The Best Sewing Kits for Patches and Repairs
STEP 7: Finish the stitch.
When you ’ re finished, use the hand steering wheel to raise the acerate leaf out of the fabric. Use the presser metrical foot lever to raise the presser foot and then remove the framework. Cut the threads to detach your project from the sew machine, making indisputable to leave a bit of weave coming from the machine so you can easily sew your adjacent wrinkle.
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While learning how to use a sewing machine international relations and security network ’ t besides difficult, it will take clock and practice to master the action. By following the above steps and referring to your sewing car ’ second manual of arms, you can get your following fabric visualize off the ground more easily than ever before. ad