Writing a Statement of Purpose | Center for Academic Writing

Of all the different types of text you will have to write in the academic earth, the argument of determination is one of the most unmanageable, not least because it is about you. We spend our time trying to eliminate ourselves from early academic write, from research proposals or from term papers. now you have to write a paper about yourself. Like any other academician genre, a statement of function has a coherent structure and development, and its aim is to simultaneously show why you are the best candidate for a given course or allow, and why this course or accord is the most suitable one for you. This page will tell you how to do this. But do n’t leave it at that : when you have finished, come to the Writing Center and discuss your statement of aim with us. The resulting revised draft will be even more effective .

Do Answer the Question!

Before you start writing your argument of purpose, look careful at any instructions you have been given. If, for case, you have been asked to specify why you want to study at this university, make sure you answer that interview, and that your paragraph starts with a conviction that will signal that you are answering it ( e.g. “ My reasons for studying … ” ). Do not omit to answer any of the questions you are asked, and consider carefully before providing information you were not asked for. If you have 500 words, they expect you to spend most of them answering their questions, not volunteering other data. frequently, however, universities do not give any guidance as to what they want, possibly wanting to test if you are intelligent enough to work it out for yourself. If so, the guidelines below are designed to help you .

Attracting the Reader’s Attention

When you write a instruction of purpose, you need to remember that you are just one of many, possibly even hundreds of applicants for your choose study place. The person who reads your argument will have read dozens of others. If yours does not stand out in some way that shows that you are original, unlike and matter to – which of course you are ( but at the like time not bizarre or curious – which you may be, but do n’t emphasize the fact ! ), it will be consigned to the pile of also-rans, the people who may get a place if there are some left over at the end .
If a statement of determination fails to catch the proofreader ‘s attention, it may be ascribable to one or more of the follow problems :

  • It starts with flattering comments about the university they are applying for – the person who reads your statement already knows how good their institution is: they don’t need you to tell them.
  • It provides an entire life history, starting from birth, – by the time you reach the important bit, your reader will have lost interest. Unless your high school days are especially interesting, concentrate on your university career.
  • It starts off by explaining exactly how the writer heard about this particular course – unless this information shows something important about you, leave it out.
  • It begins by providing personal details that can be found on the résumé, such as age or place of birth.
  • It begins by trying to second-guess the reader’s thoughts, for example: ‘You are probably wondering why a specialist in… should be applying for a place at…’ This strategy might possibly work, but it will probably be more effective if you go ahead and answer the question.
  • Although they do grab attention, the sort of statements that are least successful are those that use over-theatrical and silly introductions that are inappropriate for an academic environment. If you start with ‘I am a really special person’, or ‘Ever since I was a baby, gazing happily at the world…’, you shouldn’t be surprised if you get rejected.
  • Some statements dive straight into the complex field of the specialist, immediately discussing obscure areas of theory. Remember that while you are expected to show familiarity with your subject, not all readers may be specialists in your chosen field. If they can’t understand you, they may not realize how good you are.

Capturing the reader’s attention – examples

front at the following two efforts at starting a résumé and see which you think would be more likely to capture the reviewer ‘s interest :

Example A

I am applying for the Central European University, based on the reputation this University has in the academician community cosmopolitan. I have besides spoken to several alumni of your university. I am very interested in entrance fee to the calibrate program in Economics. I know that inquiry programs in Economics are very diverse and this is the main argue why I prefer this university .

Example B

recent Moldovan government figures show an alarming 40 % increase in mental illness amongst young people in the last ten years. These figures are barely one more factor that persuades me that my choice of a career in neuroscience was the right one, and motivates me to study far at Ph.D. level in this field in order to help combat this dangerous problem .
sample distribution A has several weaknesses :

  • it is too general – one could insert the name of any university
  • it does not mention any of the specific features of the university nor does it justify the flattering claim of a ‘world-wide reputation’
  • it simply says that the university has a good reputation and a range of courses – neither very original nor interesting for the reader
  • it does not start by answering the question ‘Why economics?’ but immediately starts with the more specific question of ‘Why economics at CEU

sample B, in contrast, shows several cocksure features :

  • it grabs the reader’s attention with an alarming piece of information
  • it starts with a reference to the real world, thus moving from the general to the specific
  • it shows that the writer is aware of the link between academe and the real world and has a desire to put theoretical learning into practice
  • it very succinctly expresses the link between the applicant’s past studies, proposed studies and subsequent career

How to start off

ideally you need to start with an concern fact or detail about you, your situation or your interests which makes you appear interesting and intelligent. You might besides try a more general accuracy or saying, then show how this applies to your position. You may want to quote person celebrated who has said something relevant, but if so, keep it short, quote correctly, and make sure that the relevance to your position is absolutely clear. Do n’t quote for the sake of it .
Do give adequate time to creating a dear initial paragraph. It is the first base thing your audience will read, and beginning impressions are promptly formed. If your first sentences are dull, irrelevant, eccentric or pompous, or worse distillery, wide of grammatical or spelling mistakes, your subscriber will promptly form a negative impression which will be hard to dispel .

The Structure of a Statement of Purpose

The password ‘purpose ‘ normally means ‘what you want to do ‘, however, it has a secondary meaning, which is the timbre of knowing ‘that you want to do something ‘. Purpose in this sense means having a focus, and it is substantive that your instruction of determination shows that you do have a commission and know both where you are going and how you can best get there. A good argument of determination will normally have the be structure :

Your Past

How your studies at undergraduate level and at calibrate floor, equally well as any early shape or study have, has prepared you for the course of report that you wish to take .

Your Proposed Course Of Study

Should be shown to be a legitimate follow-on from your studies/work to date and to prepare you for your future career .

Your Future Career

Should be something for which your proposed course of study is valuable or essential, and should have some coherent connection to what went before .

Of course, you own career may not be vitamin a elementary as this. possibly you started studying biophysics, then former developed a passion for medieval poetry. This is not going to disqualify you, but you need to ask yourself ‘why should a university choose me rather that person who has always been interest in medieval poetry ? ‘ If you can answer this question, you have a luck of being considered. If, however, your lector gets the impression have on the spur of the moment for no good reason conceived an interest in a field you have never studied before, they may evenly assume you will lose interest just as cursorily. You best opportunity normally lies in showing that there is a meaningful progress to your career which is driven by your sense of purpose and academic or professional ambition .
The above model suggests that a argument of determination should move from your past and present studies, to your proposed studies and last to your future career. If you want to be advanced, you are not obliged to follow this radiation pattern, but the elements and the connection should be there and should be clear to the reader. Before you start writing, draw yourself a pass structural design, possibly allowing a paragraph or then for each stage. obviously, your past will be a lot clearer and more detailed than your future, but do n’t neglect the moment and third boxes in the diagram above, or you may look like an ageless student, always hunting for something fresh to study .

How much detail to provide

1. Keep to the word limit

Universities much provide a give voice restrict or a page limit to guide you. Keep to it. If they say they do n’t want to read three pages, they mean it. Bear in judgment that academics have to do an terribly fortune of interpretation, not entirely of statements of purpose but besides of essays and theses. If you ca n’t keep to the word limit for a argument of function, they may be worrying that you will write a 450 page thesis when 150 pages was the limit. Writing besides much is never a way to make yourself popular. If a limit is given, it is dependable to set yourself a personal maximum limit of 10-15 % less than that. And do n’t feel you have to fill a word limit. If you have said all you want to in 700 words and the limit is 1000, big ! Stop. Do n’t go looking for wording to pack in the spaces .

2. Set yourself section word limits

If you have 800 words, have in take care how many you want to spend on each department of your instruction. If you use 750 words describing your studies to date, you will have nothing left for the other sections. By setting yourself rough word limits for each separate, you ensure that the statement is balanced .

3. Be selective

With any assemble of writing where there is a discussion limit, you will not have enough space to say everything about everything. This means you have to be selective. You have to gather all the necessity information, look at it and throw away the things which are less necessary. It may hurt not to be able to say that you got top grades in your school for physics ( when you ‘re applying to study sociology ) but you have to be pitiless. Remember that the ability to evaluate and select what to include and what to leave out is valuable academician skill in its own correct, and demonstrating that you have that skill can count potently in your favor .

4. Use appropriate language

obviously you need to show you have a dependable command of the english language : avoid slang, use vocabulary appropriate to your field and show that you can write a sentence of more than 5 words. At the like prison term, do n’t start looking for long words to impress with. If an ordinary give voice will do, do n’t go thesaurus hunting for a bigger one, not least because you may use it incorrectly.

5. Edit thoroughly

When you have written a first base draft, go over it and check whether any of your phrases are long-winded or bungling. Try to re-express them clearly and succinctly. While it is adept to use longer sentences sometimes, do n’t ramble. If your sentence has more than 30 words, read it over and see if it would be better to split it into two. Reading loudly may help you to feel if your ideas are clearly expressed .

Some sample statements of purpose

The come sample distribution thesis statements, though good written and successful, are not perfective and may contain mistakes or weaknesses. They are besides not about you. It is not included to show you a model that you can copy but to provide an case of how it has been done by others. You will need to write your own affirmation ion your own words .

Sample #1

My concern in International Relations and my decision to continue my education in this field is the consequence of my profound interest in asian studies. Majoring in History of India, during my final examination year I became specially matter to in the sphere of International Relations and Foreign Policy of India, writing my dissertation on indian Foreign Policy during Nehru ‘s Government and Indian-Chinese relations. Two trips to India 1997 and 1998 allowed me to become better acquainted with this state, refine my cognition of Hindi and collect unique data for my inquiry. This unforgettable experience convinced me that I had made the justly choice of study, leading me to apply for a PhD Degree so as to extend my research in this field .
I have therefore far completed two years of the PhD plan at St. Petersburg State University. My dissertation aims at disclosing those problems which hush hinder the summons of standardization between the two asian countries, India and China, reflecting on how indian scholars perceive these issues. Thus my research covers both Regional Studies and field of International Relations as a ball-shaped universe system where these two countries play an important function .
My presentation of a paper on Indo-Chinese Relations in 1980s at the international conference “ East Asia – St. Petersburg – Europe : inter-civilization contacts and perspectives on economic cooperation ” held in St. Petersburg a year ago gave me the opportunity to meet many outstanding researchers, including my referee, Marcia Ristaino, who encouraged me to continue my studies focusing specifically on International Relations and Regional Studies. For that reason I applied and was accepted to the MA Program in International Relations and european Studies at central european University in Budapest with a eruditeness from Soros foundation garment. The courses I am taking here will provide me with a sound background in theoretical issues in International Relations .
The reason of why I am applying for another Master ‘s Degree is that the CEU program, despite its theoretical persuasiveness, has very few courses directly related to my major interest, Regional Studies and conflict resoluteness and peacekeeping. For this reason I would like to deepen my virtual understanding of International Relations and relate it to a more focused assiduity on conflict analysis and resolution through the course of study of the Carleton University .
I am aware of the high reputation of your school and the excellent Master ‘s program that you offer at the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs. I believe it will surely help me with my research and career objectives either through make in diplomatic service or at an external administration where I will be able to apply my cognition and skills obtained through studies at your University .
Courses such as Conflict Analysis, International Mediation and Conflict Resolution and International Organizations in International Affairs will be very helpful for my analyze of the problems in the South asian subcontinent and beyond it and will allow me to deeper understand the reasons for numerous interstate and intrastate conflicts that persist in the region. furthermore these courses will be of particular relevance to my career plans which are to find employment with UN or a alike initiation in the field of conflict settlement and peacekeeping. The possibility to combine theoretical studies with practical skills in conflict analysis and resolution at the Carleton University will enable me to become a good specialist who will be able to contribute to the coarse cause of peace in the world. I am eager to become a professional orientalist, as I believe this field of learn will always be significant in the exchange universe where asian countries such as India and China play meaning roles in the international sphere. MA at the Carleton University would be a precious experience both in terms of my academic and professional career. I hope you will give me the opportunity to realize my ambition .
( A CEU Student – reproduced here with kind permission )

Sample #2

Having majored in literary studies ( world literature ) as an undergraduate, I would now like to concentrate on English and american english literature. I am particularly concerned in nineteenth-century literature, women ‘s literature, Anglo-Saxon poetry, and folklore and folk music literature. My personal literary projects have involved some combination of these subjects. For the oral section of my comprehensive examination exams, I specialized in nineteenth century novels by and about women. The relation embark between “ high ” and tribe literature became the subject for my honors essay, which examined Toni Morrison ‘s use of classical, biblical, African, and african-american tribe custom in her novel. I plan to work far on this test, treating Morrison ‘s other novels and possibly preparing a newspaper desirable for publication .
In my studies toward a doctoral degree, I hope to examine more close the relationship between high and family literature. My junior year and private studies of Anglo-Saxon lyric and literature have caused me to consider the question of where the divisions between folklore, folk music literature, and high literature lie. Should I attend your school, I would like to resume my studies of Anglo-Saxon poetry, with special care to its tribe elements .
Writing poetry besides figures prominently in my academic and professional goals. I have precisely begun submitting to the smaller journals with some success and am gradually building a working manuscript for a solicitation. The dominant allele theme of this collection relies on poems that draw from classical, biblical, and family traditions, angstrom well as everyday experience, in order to celebrate the process of giving and taking life, whether literal or figural. My poetry draw from and influences my academic studies. much of what I read and study finds a place in my creative solve as subject. At the lapp clock, I study the art of literature by taking share in the creative summons, experimenting with the tools used by other authors in the by .
In terms of a career, I see myself teaching literature, writing criticism, and going into editing or publishing poetry. doctoral studies would be valuable to me in several ways. First, your teaching assistantship plan would provide me with the practical teaching experience I am eager to acquire. Further, earning a Ph.D. in English and american english literature would advance my other two career goals by adding to my skills, both critical and creative, in working with terminology. ultimately, however, I see the Ph.D. as an end in itself, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as a professional stepping-stone ; I enjoy studying literature for its own sake and would like to continue my studies on the level demanded by the Ph.D. program .
( Stelzer pp. 40-41 )
Some further sources to help you :
Writing the Personal Statement – Purdue University Online Writing Lab
Hunter College School Of Social Work Writing Center – The personal affirmation : Writing A statement Of Purpose
How to Write a Personal Statement – Essay Edge.com

text sources for this page were taken from :
How to Write a Winning Personal Statement for Graduate and Professional School. by Richard Stelzer ( Princeton, NJ : Peterson ‘s Guides, 1989 )

beginning : https://thaitrungkien.com
Category : Tutorial

Related Posts

Trả lời

Email của bạn sẽ không được hiển thị công khai.