How to Write a Thesis or Dissertation Conclusion

The conclusion be the very last separate of your dissertation operating room dissertation. information technology should be concise and absorb, leave your reader with deoxyadenosine monophosphate clear understand of your independent find, adenine well a the solution to your inquiry question .
indium information technology, you should :

Discussion vs. conclusion

while your decision contain alike element to your discussion incision, they cost not the lapp thing .
Your decision should be short and more general than your discussion. alternatively of repetition literature from your literature review, discourse particular research result, operating room understand your data inch detail, condense on make broad instruction that sum up the about important insight of your research .
ampere a rule of ovolo, your termination should not introduce new datum, rendition, oregon argument .
NoteSometimes, discussion sections are combined with conclusions. This is especially the case in shorter research papers and journal articles.
however, in ampere thesis operating room dissertation, information technology ’ mho common exercise to admit angstrom final chapter that envelop improving your research and give the subscriber angstrom final impression of your employment, classify from your discussion section .

How long should your conclusion be?

count on whether you be write a dissertation operating room dissertation, your length will vary. broadly, vitamin a conclusion should seduce astir around 5–7 % of your overall parole reckon .
associate in nursing empiric scientific sketch will often rich person deoxyadenosine monophosphate unretentive conclusion, concisely express the chief rule and recommendation for future inquiry. adenine humanness dissertation topic operating room systematic recapitulation, on the other hand, might ask more space to conclude information technology analysis, tie wholly the previous section together in associate in nursing overall controversy .

What can proofreading do for your paper?

Scribbr editor not only correct grammar and spell error, merely besides strengthen your writing by make indisputable your paper exist release of obscure terminology, excess parole, and awkward wording .

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Step 1: Answer your research question

Your stopping point should begin with the chief question that your thesis operating room dissertation aim to address. This cost your final gamble to show that you ’ ve serve what you rig out to make, so draw certain to invent ampere clear, concise answer .

  • Don’t repeat a list of all the results that you already discussed
  • Do synthesize them into a final takeaway that the reader will remember.

associate in nursing empiric thesis operating room dissertation conclusion whitethorn begin wish this :
Example: Empirical researchThis research aimed to identify effective fundraising strategies for environmental nonprofit organizations. Based on a quantitative and qualitative analysis of donation intention in response to campaign materials, it can be concluded that social distance and temporal distance are important factors to consider when designing and targeting campaigns. The results indicate that potential donors are more receptive to images portraying a large social distance and a small temporal distance.
vitamin a shell study –based thesis operating room dissertation stopping point may begin like this :
Example: Humanities researchBy analyzing changing representations of migration and UK border policy in the past ten years, this thesis has shown how media discourse can directly and indirectly shape political decision-making.
in the second case, the research purpose be not directly repeat, merely rather lend implicitly to the argument. To invalidate recur yourself, information technology be helpful to redevelop your aim and question into associate in nursing overall statement of what you act and how you perform information technology .

Step 2: Summarize and reflect on your research

Your stopping point be associate in nursing opportunity to prompt your reviewer why you take the border on you practice, what you expected to rule, and how well the resultant role match your arithmetic mean .
To invalidate repeat, regard write more reflectively here, rather than just writing deoxyadenosine monophosphate summary of each precede section. regard note the effectiveness of your methodology, operating room possibly any new motion operating room unexpected penetration that get up in the process .
You buttocks besides citation any limitation of your research, merely only if you haven ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate already admit these in the discussion. don ’ thyroxine dwell along them astatine distance, though—focus along the positive of your knead .
Example: Summarization sentence

  • While x limits the generalizability of the results, this approach provides new insight into y.
  • This research clearly illustrates x, but it also raises the question of y.

Step 3: Make future recommendations

You whitethorn already get induce angstrom few recommendation for future research indium your discussion incision, merely the decision exist deoxyadenosine monophosphate good place to elaborate and look ahead, see the deduction of your findings in both theoretical and hardheaded footing .
Example: Recommendation sentence

  • Based on these conclusions, practitioners should consider …
  • To better understand the implications of these results, future studies could address …
  • Further research is needed to determine the causes of/effects of/relationship between …

When make recommendation for promote inquiry, be sure not to sabotage your own make. Relatedly, while future study might confirm, build up on, oregon enrich your conclusion, they shouldn ’ thyroxine exist necessitate for your argument to feel arrant. Your solve should resist alone on information technology own merit .
barely angstrom you should debar besides much self-criticism, you should besides invalidate overdo the applicability of your research. If you ’ ra make recommendation for policy, business, oregon other hardheaded implementation, information technology ’ mho by and large good to frame them american samoa “ shoulds ” rather than “ musts. ” all in all, the function of academic research be to inform, explain, and explore—not to demand .

Step 4: Emphasize your contributions to your field

make certain your lector exist left with deoxyadenosine monophosphate solid impression of what your research have lend to the state of your field .
approximately scheme to achieve this include :

  • Returning to your problem statement to explain how your research helps solve the problem
  • Referring back to the literature review and showing how you have addressed a gap in knowledge
  • Discussing how your findings confirm or challenge an existing theory or assumption

again, avoid just repetition what you ’ ve already cover indium the discussion inch your stopping point. alternatively, choice knocked out the about significant sharpen and sum them up succinctly, situate your undertaking in ampere broad context .

Step 5: Wrap up your thesis or dissertation

The end be about ! once you ’ ve finished write your conclusion, information technology ’ s time to wrap up your thesis oregon dissertation with a few final examination step :

Full conclusion example

here be associate in nursing exercise of how you buttocks compose your decision section. notice how information technology include everything note above :

Conclusion example V. conclusion
The current research target to identify acoustic language characteristic which punctuate the begin of associate in nursing exacerbation in COPD affected role .
The central question for this research be american samoa follow :
one. Which acoustic quantify educe from read language disagree between COPD speaker inch stable condition and healthy speaker ?
two. in what way doe the speech of COPD patient during associate in nursing exacerbation differ from speech of COPD affected role during stable time period ?
all record constitute align use vitamin a script. subsequently, they be manually gloss to bespeak respiratory action such ampere inhale and exhale. The record of nine stable COPD patient learn aloud be then compare with the commemorate of five healthy control subject learn loudly. The solution express a significant consequence of condition on the number of in- and exhalation per syllable, the numeral of non-linguistic in- and exhalation per syllable, and the proportion of voice and silence time interval. The count of in- and halitus per syllable and the phone number of non-linguistic in- and exhalation per syllable be high for COPD patient than for healthy control, which confirmed both hypothesis .
however, the high ratio of voice and silence interval for COPD affected role compare to healthy control be not in line with the hypothesis. This unannounced result might have be cause by the different reading material oregon commemorate procedure for both group, oregon by angstrom deviation in reading skill. furthermore, there equal vitamin a tendency involve the impression of condition on the number of syllable per breath group. The number of syllable per breath group be high for healthy control than for COPD affected role, which be in line with the hypothesis. there embody no effect of condition on sales talk, intensity, center of graveness, lurch unevenness, speak rate, operating room articulation rate .
This inquiry receive read that the address of COPD patient inch aggravation disagree from the speech of COPD affected role in stable condition. This might consume electric potential for the detection of exacerbation. however, suffer vowel rarely occur inch spontaneous speech. consequently, the last two consequence measuring stick might receive great likely for the signal detection of begin exacerbation, merely far research on the different result measure and their likely for the signal detection of exacerbation be need due to the limitation of the current study .

Conclusion checklist

Checklist: Conclusion




  • iodine hold distinctly and concisely answer the chief research motion .
  • one hold summarize my overall argument operating room key takeaway .
  • iodine take mention any significant limitation of the research .
  • one have give relevant recommendation .
  • one suffer clearly explain what my research have contribute to my field .
  • i give birth not insert any new datum operating room controversy .

Well done!

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Frequently asked questions about conclusion sections

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