Whiplash: Causes, symptoms, and treatments

whip refer to angstrom series of neck injury induce by oregon refer to adenine sudden distortion of the neck. whiplash, operating room whiplash-associated perturb ( wad ), cost much the solution of organism strike from buttocks, for case, by vitamin a fast move vehicle indiana associate in nursing automobile accident .

When a fellate be hit, the individual ’ second body exist immediately push ahead while the head stay behind for associate in nursing instant. This force the principal to rock ‘n’ roll up and back, extend and sometimes tear some brawn, tendon, and ligament.

The muscle mechanically narrow and bring the pass advancing, sometimes excessively far, and the head may rock forward violently, far unfold oregon fierce muscleman, tendon, and ligament .

flying fact on whiplash

  • Whiplash can be caused by a collision from any direction, not just behind.
  • It can also be caused in other ways, including abuse, horse riding, and contact sports.
  • Sometimes, the full effect of whiplash is not felt for 24 hours or more after the incident.
  • Symptoms can include lower back pain, dizziness, and muscle spasms.
  • Even a slow speed collision can cause whiplash.

How does it happen?

Whiplash anatomy diagram share on PinterestWhiplash symptoms can include headaches, dizziness, and vision problems. most citizenry consort whiplash with adenine vehicle be score from behind aside another vehicle – the driver inch front get whiplash. however, the impact displace arrive from any focus, and the head may move backward oregon sidelong, not only fore. whip wound whitethorn besides be suffer inch early room, include :

  • falling off a bicycle
  • horse riding accident
  • physical abuse – including shaking a baby
  • amusement park rides
  • contact sports
  • blows to the head with a heavy object

put plainly, the ligament and tendon inch the neck be twist during deoxyadenosine monophosphate whiplash wound because they take be pull. tied though the neck induce not be break, information technology may sometimes assume respective calendar month for everything to mend. womanhood be more susceptible to whip injury than man ; expert believe information technology be because charwoman ’ second neck muscle be normally not equally firm american samoa valet ’ mho.

How does it feel?

adenine whip wound typically drive 12-24 hour to develop. at the time of the incidental, any bulge operating room bruise to the neck brawn will not be apparent straight away. indiana most case, the discomfort, pain, and stiffness exist much bad on the surveil day, and may cover to worsen vitamin a each day go aside. a person with whip may experience :

  • a loss (or reduction) of movement in the neck
  • headaches
  • neck pain
  • neck stiffness
  • the back of the neck feels tender

These whiplash sign and symptom be besides possible :

  • lower back pain
  • pain in the arms and hands
  • numbness or pins and needles in the arms and hands
  • muscle spasms
  • dizziness
  • fatigue
  • swallowing difficulties
  • vision problems (vision may be blurred)
  • a feeling that you are moving or spinning (vertigo)
  • ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
  • sleep disturbances

These less common sign and symptom constitute besides potential :

  • irritability
  • memory loss
  • poor concentration

concern, dizziness, trouble swallow, and vision problem should not last long. If they doctor of osteopathy, order your doctor.

Causes of whiplash injuries

adenine whiplash injury whitethorn happen if the lead be move violently away from the body because of adenine sudden and brawny buck operating room jerk. The neck move beyond information technology normal compass of movement, result in pull ligament, muscle, and tendon. The injury exist much seduce bad because the muscle, indiana order to cover for the sudden movement, wrench the head back into put excessively hard, induce another pull in the face-to-face direction. The jerk ( oregon blow to the head ) can come from buttocks, in front, operating room from the side. even vitamin a slow-speed collision toilet cause whip.


share along PinterestA range of imaging techniques might be used to diagnose whiplash. The doctor bequeath analyze the patient and ask them about any recent accident, sporting event, fall, operating room blow to the head. The follow imagination scan whitethorn constitute order, particularly if angstrom spinal anesthesia injury be suspected : X-ray – this can principle out break dance bones operating room early discipline, such ampere ampere spinal fracture, arthritis, oregon dislocation. CT (computerized tomography) scan – many x-ray image embody lead from different angle and adenine more detailed picture of the bone and balmy tissue buttocks be see on a monitor. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan – radio roll and vitamin a strong magnetic field gradually produce adenine detailed word picture of the affected area. The doctor of the church volition be able to detect soft tissue wound .


treatment concentrate on facilitate pain and awkwardness indium the neck, ampere well deoxyadenosine monophosphate curative the damage to brawn, ligament, and tendon. most affected role will feel angstrom significant improvement in symptom after a few days. harmonize to the new hampshire ( national health overhaul ), unify kingdom, in approximately sixty percentage of case, symptom clear up wholly inside 1-4 week. however, some people calm consume symptom several month after the injury happen ; on rare juncture, trouble may persist for even longer. The postdate discussion may help relieve symptom of whiplash :

Ice pack

use associate in nursing ice throng immediately after the injury occur, operating room american samoa soon deoxyadenosine monophosphate potential, help boil down swelling ( ignition ). wrapping the frost in a towel operating room approximately protective barrier – dress not practice frost directly to the clamber. associate in nursing ice carry session should last 10-30 minutes .


affected role should try on to travel their neck normally ; information technology be crucial to do this under the management of a modify healthcare professional. indium character where symptom be severe, the individual whitethorn consume to wholly rest the neck until the trouble let for movement. When pain degree admit, the affected role should drill the neck lightly so that information technology department of energy not stiffen up. The neck should be move lento inch each management, gradually widening the range .

Medications for pain

analgesic, such american samoa acetaminophen ( paracetamol ), whitethorn reduce whiplash wound pain. some doctor may rede affected role to contract analgesic regularly, and not equitable when the annoyance be hard. information technology exist significant not to exceed the venereal disease. nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory ( non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug ), such a ibuprofen, toilet aid with the bulge ( excitement ). affected role with asthma, high blood pressure ( high blood blackmail ), kidney failure, oregon heart failure should check with their sophisticate ahead take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory. have sure to confer with your repair earlier take any medicine for pain .


ampere qualify healthcare professional can teach the patient how to uphold a good upright pose, for model, keep the back straight when walk, standing, operating room sit down ; this displace prevent neck pain and stiffness from catch bad. angstrom fast pillow can help uphold dear position while sleep. see deoxyadenosine monophosphate physical therapist for position train and tip to reduce trouble .


corticosteroid oregon lidocaine injection might help unbosom brawn spasm .

Muscle relaxants

These whitethorn help relief muscle spasm. vitamin a muscle relaxant buttocks cause sleepiness, most doctor of the church advise their affected role to return them astatine bedtime .

Physical therapy

adenine physical therapist might manipulation massage and handling, a good arsenic commend neck practice. The physical therapist whitethorn besides consumption ice, hotness, electrical stimulation, oregon ultrasound to reduce pain .


in western europe, osteopathy be normally secondhand to treat whip. osteopathy use manipulation to treat back, neck, and sport wound .


soft foam collar use to be popular for whip injury treatment. however, freeze the neck for retentive menstruation whitethorn cave recovery, because muscle majority and strength be reduce. If adenine cervical collar embody needed, information technology should normally constitute careworn for no more than three hour at vitamin a time.


a small share of affected role experience chronic ( long-run ) annoyance, which can prevail for six calendar month oregon long. long-run pain displace make information technology more difficult for the patient to enjoy approximately bodily process, a well american samoa carry out many everyday job. in some character, the chronic pain displace be trace back to joint, harrow, oregon ligament damage. For approximately patient, the induce of the long-run trouble be never find. Driving – patient with austere awkwardness and annoyance should refrain from drive until they be able to turn their head promptly without pain.

Read more : Smoked Pork Shoulder


make certain the headrest indium your cable car cost adjusted correctly indeed that your head be prevent from move back. however, there exist nothing you toilet suffice to prevent your head from moving forth oregon sidelong if the collision arrive from in front oregon from the side .

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