Uric acid levels: High and low, symptoms, and relation to gout

uric acid is a waste product in the consistency. sometimes, uric acidic can build up in the joints and tissues, causing a crop of health problems. These include gout, a kind of arthritis. In this article, we list the distinctive abject, normal, and high levels of uric acid for males and females. We besides explain what health conditions a person may develop from having gamey or humble levels.

Uric acid levels in males and females

Female Pathologist and Technician Organizing Test Samples for uric acid level. share on PinterestJulieanne Birch/Getty Images Having some uric acerb in the lineage is normal. however, if uric acid levels go above or below a goodly range, this can result in health problems. High uric acid levels can increase the risk of gout. It is unusual to have low uric acid levels, but it is possible if a person passes besides a lot uric acid out of their body as waste. The following table gives low, convention, and high levels of uric acid in the rake. All amounts are in milligrams per deciliter ( mg/dl ) .

Uric acid level Males Females
Low below 2.5 mg/dl below 1.5 mg/dl
Normal 2.5–7.0 mg/dl 1.5–6.0 mg/dl
High above 7.0 mg/dl above 6.0 mg/dl

How uric acid can build up in the body

Purines are chemical substances that occur naturally in the body and in some foods. When the torso breaks down purines, this creates uric acidic as a waste product. The kidneys filter it from the blood and pass it out of the body in the urine. however, uric acerb can sometimes build up in the rake. The checkup term for this is hyperuricemia. It can occur if the body produces besides much uric acid or does not get rid of adequate of it. excessively much uric acid in the blood can lead to crystals forming in the joints and tissues, which may cause inflammation and gout symptoms.

Related medical conditions

Some medical conditions and treatments are besides associated with high uric acidic levels, peculiarly gout, cancer treatment, and kidney disease .

Gout

Gout is a kind of arthritis. The symptoms come and go, normally affecting just one joint. In people with this condition, uric acid builds up in the joints and tissues, causing pain, swelling, and discoloration. Gout most normally affects the toe joints, ankles, and knees .

Cancer treatment

When cells die, they release purines. These release uric acid into the blood when the torso breaks them down. Some cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy, can cause cells in the body to die. uric acid testing may be separate of medical care for a person who has cancer .

Kidney disease

The kidneys filter pine away from the rake, including uric acid. Kidney disease damages the kidneys and stops them from working normally. When this happens, lay waste to products that include uric acidic can build up in the blood.

Fanconi syndrome

Having humble uric acerb levels is rare. The most prevailing medical condition causing low uric acid levels is Fanconi syndrome, a rare kidney disease. In people with this discipline, the kidneys can not absorb certain nutrients into the body. Fanconi syndrome can cause a lack of energy, dehydration, and problems with the bones. A person with this condition will have low uric acid levels because besides a lot of this substance is passing out of the soundbox in the urine .

Diagnosis

A uric acidic test measures the come of uric acid in the lineage or urine. A person may need the test if they have gout symptoms or kidney stones or are undergo cancer discussion. The test does not carry any risks. A healthcare professional may take a small sample of rake with a needle or ask the person to collect their urine over a 24-hour period. lab technicians will then test the sample for uric acid levels. Doctors may sometimes besides perform a joint inhalation, in which they use a acerate leaf and syringe to remove a little amount of fluid from the conceited joint. The presence of uric acid crystals in the fluid indicates gout. If the doctor needs more information to diagnose health problems linked to uric acid levels, they may do a physical examen and ask questions about the person ’ s checkup history and current symptoms. sometimes, a person will have high uric acid levels but no symptoms of a medical circumstance. They are improbable to need treatment unless they develop symptoms .

Treatment of high and low levels

Certain foods incorporate purines, which create uric acidic when the body breaks them down. Eating a diet that is excessively full-bodied in purines can cause uric acerb to build up in the rake. It is not possible to avoid purines wholly because small amounts are salute in many foods. however, a person can follow a gloomy purine diet and take other steps to help lower purine levels. Foods that include moderate or high levels of purines include :

  • alcohol
  • bacon
  • turkey
  • veal
  • organ meats
  • shellfish
  • trout
  • haddock
  • anchovies
  • sardines
  • herring

A person who has gout may wish to limit these foods in their diet. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and steroids can reduce pain and inflammation, helping treat an acute gout erupt. People can besides take steps to prevent gout flares. These include :

  • avoiding alcohol
  • reaching or maintaining a moderate weight
  • protecting the joints with gentle, low impact exercise, such as walking, bicycling, and swimming

A person who has gout normally needs a uric acid test every 6 months. Keeping uric acid levels within a certain range can reduce trouble, joint price, and complications from gout.

Summary

uric acerb is a waste product that can damage joints and weave if it builds up besides much in the body. When a person has high uric acid levels for an strain menstruation, they may develop health problems. If a person has gout, it is significant for them to keep uric acidic levels within a healthy stove. Doing this can improve the symptoms and reduce the hazard of a gout erupt .

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