How to avoid pregnancy: 15 ways

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We do the research so you can find sure products for your health and health .Read more about our vetting process. People who are sexually active and want to avoid pregnancy should be aware of their options when it comes to birth control. There are many types of contraception available to help avoid pregnancy. however, the only completely dependable method acting for avoiding pregnancy is abstaining from sex. The Family Planning Association ( FPA ) in the UK, call that up to 90 percentage of sexually active women will become fraught in 12 months if they do not use contraception. A person risks becoming meaning every time they have sex without contraception, including the first time they ever have sex. Some methods are available without a prescription drug, but most require one. Each form of give birth restraint has advantages and disadvantages. Read on to learn more about the different types of contraception designed to help people avoid pregnancy.

Barrier methods

Barrier methods prevent sperm from reaching the egg. They include :

1. Male condoms

Condom wrapper being opened by couple in bed trying to avoid getting pregnant. partake on PinterestCondoms can protect against STIs as well as pregnancy. male and female condoms are the merely types of contraception that protect against sexually transmitted infections ( STIs ). When used correctly, male condoms are more than 80 percentage effective against pregnancy, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ). To use a male condom correctly :

  1. Choose the correct size.
  2. Place the condom on the head of the erect penis. If uncircumcised, pull the foreskin back first.
  3. Pinch the tip of the condom to remove any air.
  4. Unroll the condom down the penis, being careful not to tear it.
  5. After intercourse, hold the base of the condom in place before pulling out of the vagina.
  6. Remove the condom and dispose of it. Never reuse a condom.

Most male condoms are made of latex, but other types are available for those with a latex paint allergy. If using a lubricant, check that it is compatible with the kind of condom being used. For example, latex condoms can merely be used with water-based lubricate. Condoms are available nonprescription ( OTC ), without a prescription, from supermarkets, drugstores, or on-line. Latex-free condoms are besides available to buy on-line .

2. Female condoms

Female condoms are besides available without a prescription. They can be used alternatively of a male condom, but should never be used with one. According to the CDC, female condoms are about 79 percentage effective for contraception. many drugstores immediately sell female condoms, but if local anesthetic stores do not stock them, they are available on-line .

3. Diaphragm

A diaphragm is a barrier method acting of contraception that a person places inside the vagina. It is authoritative to apply spermicide to the diaphragm before each consumption. When used with spermicide, the CDC appraisal that the diaphragm is airless to 90 percentage effective. A person must insert the diaphragm a few hours before sexual intercourse, leave it in rate for 6 hours after arouse, and remove it after 24 hours. Diaphragms do not protect against STIs .

4. Cervical cap

A cervical cap ( sold as FemCap in the United States ) is a soft silicone cup that is placed deep inside the vagina. It covers the cervix to stop sperm from reaching an egg. This effectiveness of the cervical detonator varies according to sources, but Planned Parenthood estimate that its potency ranges from about 70 to 85 percentage. It does not protect against STIs. cervical caps are available in drugstores and on-line .

5. Sponge

The contraceptive sponge is a method acting of give birth control that a person can buy without a prescription. Made of polyurethane foam and containing spermicide, the leech is placed bass inside the vagina to block entrance to the uterus. Used alone, the quick study is 76 to 88 percentage effective, but using it with a condom further reduces the risk of pregnancy and STIs. contraceptive sponges are available to buy on-line .

6. Spermicide

Spermicide is a chemical that inactivates sperm. It is available to buy without a prescription and is used with forms of barrier contraception, such as condoms, but not with the sponge. If used alone, spermicide should be inserted cheeseparing to the cervix at least 10 minutes before sex. It remains effective for 60 minutes and is approximately 71 percentage effective. Spermicide gels can be found at drugstores or purchased on-line. talk to a doctor about the most effective ways to use spermicide as a contraceptive.

Hormonal methods

hormonal forms of birth master prevent concept by stopping ovulation, which is the unblock of an testis from the ovaries. This type of contraception does not protect against STIs. Most hormonal contraceptives are merely available with a prescription from a doctor and, except for hand brake contraception, it is not normally available on-line .

7. Contraceptive pills

share on PinterestThere are two types of birth control pills. One stops menstruation, the other does not. Birth restraint pills are one of the most normally used methods of contraception in the U.S. There are respective brands of pill available, and according to the National Health Service ( NHS ) in the UK, they are over 99 percentage effective if taken as order. however, with distinctive use, they are approximately 95 percentage effective. There are two forms of the pill :

  • The combined pill, which contains estrogen and progestin: These should be taken daily, as per the instructions. The pill pack often contains some pills that are free of hormones. When taking these pills, a person will have a monthly period.
  • The mini-pill, which contains only progestin: A person must take this pill at the same time every day without a break. Someone taking the mini-pill will not necessarily have a scheduled period.

8. Patches

According to the NHS, the contraceptive bandage is 99 percentage effective when used correctly. With distinctive function, it is closer to 90 percentage effective. A person can place a contraceptive patch on the :

  • back
  • buttocks
  • stomach
  • upper arm

A person must wear each patch for 3 weeks, before removing it for 1 workweek to allow for a menstrual period. There is a belittled risk of skin excitation .

9. Injection

The contraceptive shot ( Depo-Provera ) is normally given by a repair every 12 weeks. According to the CDC, when used correctly, and assuming that a person gets their dart on prison term, it is over 90 percentage effective at preventing pregnancy. According to Planned Pregnancy, it may take up to 10 months, or sometimes longer, for fertility to return to normal after a person stops getting the contraceptive shoot .

10. Vaginal ring

According to the NHS, the birth restraint ring known as the NuvaRing is over 99 percentage effective when used correctly, but is typically less than 95 percentage effective due to human error. This small, plastic hoop is placed in the vagina for 3 weeks. It releases hormones into the soundbox to prevent pregnancy. The band must be removed for 7 days to allow for a menstrual period before a inserting a new band.

Intrauterine devices and implants

intrauterine devices ( IUDs ) and implants are long-run contraceptive devices. The NHS department of state that they are over 99 percentage effective at preventing pregnancy because there is fiddling room for human error. however, they do not protect against STIs .

11. IUDs

An IUD is a small device that a repair inserts into the uterus. There are two types of intrauterine device :

  • Hormonal: Once fitted, an IUD lasts for at least 5 years before it needs replacing. IUD’s do not completely stop ovulation but act as contraception by thickening the cervical mucus to prevent sperm entering the uterus, as well other hormonal changes. Brand names include Mirena, Kyleena, Liletta, and Skyla.
  • Copper-based: Sold as ParaGard, this hormone-free IUD is covered in copper wire, which destroys sperm trying to enter the uterus. One IUD can prevent pregnancy for approximately 10 years.

adverse reactions include spotting between periods, irregular periods, and menstrual cramps .

12. Implants

Implants are another class of hormonal parturition operate. A nurse or sophisticate inserts a matchstick-sized perch into a person ’ s weapon to protect against pregnancy. Implants work by releasing the hormone progestin into the consistency, which prevents ovulation. The CDC estimate that implants are besides greater than 99 percentage effective for contraception. Implants must be replaced about every 3 years .

Other methods

13. Natural family planning

share on PinterestNatural family planning relies on tracking the menstrual cycle. The natural method of contraception involves tracking the menstrual hertz and avoiding arouse when a person is in the fertile phase of the menstrual cycle. An individual ’ south “ prolific window ” lasts for around 6 to 9 days per calendar month and coincides with ovulation, which is the free of the egg. several methods are possible for natural family design. many people use the follow signals to work out whether they are ovulating or are in their fat window :

  • measuring basal body temperature
  • taking note of the quality and quantity of the cervical mucus
  • logging the start and end times of their cycle details over several months

Each person ’ s fecund window is unlike, so a person should pay attention to their consistency ’ sulfur signals. According to the CDC, natural class plan methods are about 76 percentage effective when followed accurately .

14. Emergency contraception

In the encase of unprotected sex or failed birth control, such as a break condom or a failure to take the contraceptive pill, it is potential to use emergency contraception to reduce the gamble of pregnancy. Emergency contraception should not be used in place of even parentage control methods. There are two forms of emergency contraception :

  • Emergency contraceptive pill: People must take a hormonal pill within 3 days of intercourse. The sooner a person takes it, the more effective it is, so a person should take it as soon as possible after having sex. The pill usually contains the chemical levonorgestrel. These pills are available from a doctor or a drugstore.
  • Copper IUD: The ParaGard IUD can be inserted up to 5 days after sex to prevent pregnancy. According to Planned Pregnancy, it is more than 99.9 percent effective when used in this timeframe.

15. Sterilization

Both women and men can undergo procedures to reduce their fertility permanently. The NHS state that these procedures are typically over 99 percentage effective at preventing pregnancy, but they do not protect against STIs. world can get a vasectomy, which involves snipping the tubes that carry sperm. It is a minor procedure that does not require hospitalization insurance. A vasectomy reversal is possible in some cases. however, birthrate after reversal is not always fully restored. Women can have a sterilization procedure known as tubal ligation. It involves clamping or sealing the fallopian tube. The effects are normally permanent wave. In rare cases, tubes can reconnect and result in pregnancy .

When to take a pregnancy test

A woman can take a pregnancy trial if she suspects she is fraught, specially if her common method acting of contraception has failed recently. Signs of pregnancy include :

  • a missed or late period
  • enlarged or tender breasts
  • fatigue
  • increased urination
  • nausea
  • vomiting

Home pregnancy tests are cheap and available in pharmacies, drugstores, and from reputable websites online. It is a dependable idea to have the results confirmed by a doctor.


There are many contraceptive options to help avoid pregnancy, ranging from barrier methods to hormonal pills, patches, and IUDs. Different methods may work better for different people, and a person may try several options before working out the contraceptive strategies that work for them.

Methods of contraception vary in terms of their effectiveness. People who are sexually active should speak with their doctor about the available options, so they can choose the method acting that is best for them. ultimately, remember that male and female condoms are the only types of contraception that prevent STIs. Read the article in spanish .

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