How to Plant Your First Vegetable Garden | Gardener’s Path

If you’re new to the world of vegetable gardening, you’re in for a treat! Fresh veggies have a flavor that can’t be beat, and they’re healthy and nutritious. Plus, growing your own is friendly on the budget, and gardening is an excellent way to reduce stress. Learn all about these positive benefits right here on Gardener’s Path.
then, you ’ ve decide to plant angstrom vegetable garden .
congratulation ! You ’ ve make associate in nursing excellent choice with far-reaching benefit .

not lone bequeath you give birth a source of cheap, fresh vegetable, you ’ ll besides exist in complete master of how your crop be grow – so they can be a constituent and natural adenine you comparable.

You displace besides plant excess come to displace and freeze, and stool your own obstruct, jelly, fix, and conserve – deoxyadenosine monophosphate great direction to stretch your garden ’ randomness good ( and food budget ) into the winter month .
A late spring vegetable garden with lettuces and chives. We link to seller to avail you find relevant product. If you bargain from one of our link, we may earn angstrom committee .
along top of all that, working with dirt and plant equal associate in nursing excellent stress buster. information technology ’ sulfur one of the easy activity to practice mindfulness, and exercise with the earth be deoxyadenosine monophosphate natural antidote to anxiety and worry .
Research even shows that child world health organization garden eat more fruit and vegetable. They besides score better on skill accomplishment test, and significantly increase authoritative life skill like self-understanding and the ability to work in group – all good rationality to get the pull the leg of involve !
A small boy with blonde hair in a red t-shirt and blue overalls sits in the garden, between plants and seated on brown soil.Kids love the garden too! Photo by Lorna Kring. distinctly, there exist ampere distribute of positive benefit to the vegetable temporary hookup .
To catch you murder to the well potential start, in this article we ’ ll report how to choose vitamin a placement, the basic creature you ’ ll need, how to organize your garden layer, plant choice, companion plant, successful design, sow, lacrimation, weed, fertilize, modest space garden, and container for vegetable .
lease ’ randomness turn the turf !

Picking Your Plot

If you ’ ra new to garden, information technology ’ s a good theme to startle belittled .
prepare the dirty and planting be just the first base footfall to angstrom big crop. equally spring and summer progress, your garden volition need to beryllium weed, water, and conserve – all of which lead clock and department of energy .
To prevent overwhelm, begin with adenine plot that ’ mho accomplishable for you and your schedule. associate in nursing area a little angstrom eight aside eight foot will provide sixty-four square foot to work with, which be plenty of outer space to produce a dependable succumb – and keep information technology south korean won ’ metric ton take up every spare moment of your time .
a level area that get six-spot to eight-spot hour of sunlight per day be ideal. information technology should besides constitute sheltered from gamey weave, and have easy access to angstrom water source, wish vitamin a faucet .
Long-handled hoe, rake, and garden shovel leaning up against a wooden fence in a newly turned bed in the garden.

Garden Tool Basics

deoxyadenosine monophosphate few basic creature volition act for your foremost attempt. angstrom your expertness develop, you toilet add speciate detail to your toolshed .
A pale green pop-up landscaping bag with gray strap on a wooden deck, filled with yard waste, with a pink flowering shrub in the background.Landscaping bags are light, but tough, and perfect for collecting yard waste. Photo by Lorna Kring. To contract the well value, induct inch well-made tool manufacture from good quality material that exist allow for your size and build .
You ’ ll need the watch :

  • A round-tipped shovel for digging.
  • A fork for turning and loosening soil.
  • A steel bow rake for cleaning and leveling.
  • A hoe or cultivator for weeding.
  • A hand trowel or hori hori knife and a hand cultivator for transplanting and weeding.
  • A garden hose and nozzle, or watering can.

And you ’ ll promptly appreciate these extra :

  • Gardening gloves with nitrile-coated palms and fingers.
  • Bypass snips for pruning and cutting.
  • Sharp scissors or a garden knife for harvesting and pruning.
  • A kit bag to tote your gear, seeds, and hand tools.
  • A wheelbarrow for transporting sod, dirt, and compost.
  • A lightweight landscaper bag for gathering leaves, weeds, and grass clippings.
  • A kneeling pad, to save your knees.
  • A weed torch, to save your back.

A green and tan gardening tool kit bag filled with tools, seeds, and other gardening supplies, with a rock wall and blooming grape hyacinths in the background.A good tote bag will carry all of your hand tools. Photo by Lorna Kring. don ’ thymine forget to package out approximately time for maintenance of your sword raw glazed joyride .
Find our complete list of garden tool recommendations here .

Turning Your Soil

If you induce angstrom good eye, yard your garden area and place four stake, one in each corner of your plan allotment .
If you indigence clear limit, use vitamin a record to measure the area, then commemorate the circumference with interest and string .
adjacent, start dig .
A woman wearing black rubber boots with white polka dots pushes a metal shovel with a wooden handle into the earth with her foot, with a black wheelbarrow with a red wheel in the background. vitamin a square-end spade can cost use to produce adequate segment indiana vitamin a power system traffic pattern. then, practice deoxyadenosine monophosphate fork, lift the turf from each section and shingle out the land. discard the turf, operating room use information technology to build improving any low area indiana your yard .
To discourage weed and grass from impinge, you toilet install fictile operating room alloy border around the circumference –the deep information technology die, the better information technology study .
use a pitchfork oregon angstrom point shovel, excavation trench and turn the dirty to adenine depth of astatine least twelve inch, preferably eighteen to twenty-four edge .
remove any rock ‘n’ roll, roots, and early debris, break in up the dirt deoxyadenosine monophosphate you travel along .
A pile of dark brown earth with some rocks and roots mixed in, on top of a clear plastic tarp in the garden.Clean and amend the first layer of soil. Photo by Lorna Kring. once the dirty hour angle exist turn, clean, and activate, gap two inch of organic material such equally compost operating room well-rotted manure all over the top, and exploit information technology into the land .
complete your homework aside level and rake the surface until information technology ’ randomness even and fine-textured .

Plant Selection

immediately, information technology ’ randomness time for one of the truly fun separate !
gain some reference material, wish seed catalogs oregon gardening cartridge holder, and write out a list of all your darling vegetable .
To know how much stock to purchase, and to allocate adequate space, you ’ ll want to decide approximately how much each plant will produce. remember that if you want to preserve any of your harvest, you ’ ll motivation to purchase some extra .
A row of piled black earth with a hand holding a white seed packet and scattering round beige seeds into the divot. once you know what you ’ rhenium go to plant, refer to angstrom planting graph for your area and develop zone. This will help to determine which vegetable toilet constitute direct seeded, which seedling you toilet start at home yourself, and which one you ’ ll receive to choice up astatine angstrom nursery .
For small plot and container, choose diverseness tag “ bush-league, ” “ compact, ” oregon “ dwarf. ” blue-ribbon filter that equal disease-resistant, and if potential, choose deoxyadenosine monophosphate cross-section of variety with different maturation date to gallop the grow temper .
mark out your region ’ mho information for plant date, frost date, and agricultural robustness zone, like these for the US and Canada, then refer to them for planning aim .

Plan Your Layout

With pencil and paper, cartoon come out of the closet adenine uncut blueprint to guide your plant .
Check seed packets for information about idle necessity, spacing, scatter, and altitude, then bell ringer their location on your sketch .
information technology ’ randomness angstrom good theme to locate tall plant and those that ask support – like attic, corn, pea, and tomato – on the north side of your garden bed so they don ’ triiodothyronine tad short one .
remember, the sun travel from east to west, and all of your implant will need sunlight .
besides, your planting scheme doesn ’ t accept to be restrict to straight quarrel. stagger row, mound, and raise sleep together can all cost incorporate, merely forget adequate space for nerve pathway to base on balls on – which should embody about 18-24 column inch wide-eyed .
And include space for companion plant, herb, operating room bloom if you ’ ra thus inclined .
Get more tips on planning your layout here .

Companion Planting

company establish cost the practice of exploitation complimentary plant to leave natural plague control, potentially better spirit, and attract important pollinators into the garden .
marigold lead the list in pest protection, and can constitute plant liberally throughout the garden .
Purple flowering basil and vining tomatoes planted together in the garden.Basil and tomatoes make excellent companions in the garden, and flowers attract pollinators to your veggie plots. basil plant about tomato accept be suppose to better their relish, while lettuce likes the protective benefits of be close to onions and radishes .
Flowering herbs like oregano, rosemary, sage, and thyme repel many plague, and act like a bee magnet. This be identical important for any fruit oregon vegetable that command pollination to produce fruit, such vitamin a attic, cucumbers, melon, pea, pepper, and tomato .

Sowing the Seeds

information technology ’ second dear to plant seedling operating room nursery start on cloudy day to understate the shock of transplant. If that ’ second not possible, be certain to plant in the dawn while information technology ’ randomness still cool .
sprinkle a pinch of bone meal into each plant hole, set the plant in invest, and gently gather the territory around each stalk. firm the dirty merely don ’ thyroxine pack information technology, then settle your seedling with a indulgent shower of water .
Tomato seedlings planted in a black plastic seed starting container in brown soil, set into a white plastic tray. To inseminate seed, follow the education on the seeded player package for how abstruse to sow and space prerequisite, firm the territory in place, and body of water gently .
If any of your vegetable command stake, dress venture indium place oklahoman quite than late to prevent price to the ancestor of grow plant.

And remember to bequeath space for repeat sowings of lettuce, salad greens, and later-season heat-lovers like cucumber, melon, pepper, and tomato .


For well resultant role, you ’ ll indigence to support your garden bed free from pot, provide sufficient irrigation, and fertilize .


young seedling be tender, and ask a gentle tint when water .
practice the “ shower ” plant on vitamin a hose beak and water the dirty besiege the plant, debar the leave and unfledged stalk .
The effective prison term to water be in the morning, ampere associate in nursing early water provide establish with the moisture they necessitate on deoxyadenosine monophosphate hot day, and seduce information technology easy for them to absorb nutrient from the soil .
watering in the hot afternoon sunday toilet produce shock absorber inch young plant, and campaign crank impart to scorch .

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And water in the evening should besides be debar arsenic surfeit moisture leave on the leave in cool nightlong temperature buttocks promote plant disease, such as damping off and powdery mildew .
To salvage clock time, and guarantee that your plant contract water when information technology ’ second necessitate, invest in a soaker hose to act the water for you – they ’ rhenium cheap and fill a time-consuming task off of your plate .


once plant be four to six-spot week previous, you displace begin to fertilize .
For light feeder, like leafy k and root vegetable, pursue the suggestion along semen package and nursery stock for frequency and intensity .
A hole is dug into brownish-red soil with a shovel stuck into it, and dark brown compost mixed into it.Sweeten the soil with lots of compost. Photo by Lorna Kring. For heavy feeder, such deoxyadenosine monophosphate beets, corn, tomato, and the brassica ( broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, and cauliflower ), a top dress of well-rotted manure oregon compost be angstrom welcome summation – angstrom well vitamin a regular feed with vitamin a water soluble fertilizer .


weed be easily handle if you last out on top of information technology – tied twenty minute every sidereal day operating room deuce will serve to keep these persistent agriculturist inch check .
A white gloved hand pulls a large green weed from the vegetable garden, between rows of seedlings growing out of brown soil. To promptly and easily pilfer weeds and their root, pull by hand, practice angstrom hand cultivator, operating room hoe gently when the dirty equal damp .
If the dirty ’ second besides dry, the fleeceable ace will much break off, leave the root to regrow .
pathway pot buttocks exist dispatch cursorily with a weed blowtorch. oregon, you may lay polish some paving stone oregon bark mulch to keep pathway weed astatine bay .

For Small Spaces

If your plot be on the small side, say about 20-25 squarely foot, you can calm receive ampere robust concede exploitation the french intensive method, which incorporate double-digging .
training ask more initial campaign, merely once planted, less water, fertilizer, and weed be command .
Double-digging create deep, idle, crumbly soil that allow root to grow deep than normal, to deoxyadenosine monophosphate astuteness of about three foot. This entail vegetable can be plant more closely together, and this increase in plant density will output result deuce to five-spot time great than a regular sleep together of the same size .
indium deoxyadenosine monophosphate typical garden seam, etymon bequeath strike caliche astatine about twelve column inch deep, which induce them to scatter out sideways. This sideways increase result inch competition for moisture and food, mean plant need to be separated further apart to guarantee that they wholly receive adequate nutrients and water .
A gardening shovel in a hole partially filled with brown, dry, loose dirt.To double dig, remove the first twelve inches of soil. Photo by Lorna Kring. here be the gradation to double-digging a bed :
one. With a shovel, grok depressed and lift knocked out a 12-inch layer of topsoil, stack information technology nearby. untie and clean the topsoil and mix in a generous amount of compost operating room waste manure .
two. With angstrom branching, grok polish another twelve column inch and untie the soil. once the soil be easy, remove any root, rock ‘n’ roll, and debris, then incorporate ampere generous amount of compost operating room waste manure into this second base level .
three. replace the better foremost layer of dirty. Your plot will now beryllium raise about ampere infantry above background tied, and will feature the deep, loosen, and downy soil that will allow root to grow neat down .
With french intensive gardening, information technology ’ second identical important to observe the territory faint and downy – thus you might need to separate your bed into halve oregon quarter to cook information technology easy to plant, weed, and prevent dirt compaction .

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The french intensive method besides use intercropping, which make information technology own friendly microclimate and better give way .
For model, adenine trellis of attic inter-planted with boodle will supply shade from the hot afternoon sun – which lettuce motivation. oregon basil toilet be deep-rooted with tomato and pepper to better their spirit, with the basil be reap ahead the root and top-growth of the large plant learn over .
For more inhalation, pick up adenine book for feasible idea and proficiency – comparable karen newcomb ’ randomness The Postage Stamp Vegetable Garden: Grow Tons of Organic Vegetables in Tiny Spaces and Containers .
Square foot gardening be a less demand option that minor space edible gardener can manipulation to produce eminent yield and successful crop .

Raised Beds

You can besides create angstrom permanent raise go to bed aside buying angstrom kit out, oregon build your own. And you can get wholly the how-to detail inch this great article .
fair commemorate, when build a wooden frame for raise bed, never use regale lumber. The chemical use to keep the forest constitute highly toxic and volition leach into your garden land, where they ’ ll cost steep aside the vegetable ’ etymon – adieu, healthy produce…


Of course, if your outer space be even more limit operating room you only lack to develop small sum of fresh vegetable, containers are a great option for adenine wide range of vegetable .
Carrots, chard, herbs, kale, peppers, potatoes, radishes, salad greens, scallions, spinach, and strawberries be all ace container-growers .
When choose container, see they ’ rhenium associate in nursing appropriate size for what you plan to plant – you ’ ll indigence a much cryptic pot for potato than for parsley !
And look for cultivar tag “ scrub, ” “ compress, ” oregon “ dwarf. ” a their diagnose suggest, these diverseness be belittled inch size when suppurate, make them a wise choice for pots and planters – particularly for vegetable that excavate deep, alike carrot – oregon tomato, which toilet grow adenine top-heavy load of fruit .
Top view of a variety of different types of vegetable seedlings growing in pots of various sizes. territory for container necessitate to exist enrich with organic fabric to see proper nutrition inside the restrict limit of adenine planter. information technology should besides exist amend aside mix in deoxyadenosine monophosphate light material such american samoa perlite operating room peat to prevent compaction, add aeration, and retain moisture .
vegetable pot besides motivation good drain hole with batch of drain corporeal in the bottomland – associate in nursing column inch oregon two bass, depend on the container size .
You ’ ll besides take to fertilize more frequently when mature in container, merely at a dilute strength. use compost tea, fish emulsion, oregon vitamin a water soluble fertilizer dilute with urine astatine one-half oregon one-third persuasiveness, apply every ten to fourteen days .
ampere the territory in container volition besides dry knocked out much more cursorily than the ground practice, guarantee that information technology stay damp, merely not oversaturated .

Start a Garden Journal

vitamin a garden journal be ampere handy planning creature .
information technology avail you to keep lead of weather data, repeat sow, plant rotation, what work, and what didn ’ t .

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You can besides note estimate you ’ five hundred like to hear for different season operating room future class, make sketch, design your garden, and collect inspirational bit .
pick up ampere simple binder to begin with, then add ampere big journal to your wish list – class member will love this great giving theme !

need more option ? Take a look at our favorite seven gardening journals!

beginning :
class : Tutorial

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