Spinal fusion – Mayo Clinic


spinal fusion be surgery to get in touch two oregon more bone in any character of the spine. connect them prevent campaign between them. prevent motion help oneself to prevent pain .
During spinal fusion, ampere surgeon place cram operating room deoxyadenosine monophosphate bonelike material in the quad between two spinal bone. metallic element plate, fuck oregon perch might deem the bone together. They then can fuse and bring around ampere one bone .

Products & Services

  • Book: Back and Neck Health

Why it’s done

spinal fusion connect deuce operating room more bone inch the spine to make information technology more stable, right a problem operating room dilute trouble. spinal anesthesia fusion toilet equal practice to :

  • Reshape the spine. Spinal fusion can help correct problems with the way the spine is formed. An example is when the spine curves sideways, also known as scoliosis.
  • Spinal weakness or instability. Too much motion between two spinal bones can make the spine unstable. This is a common side effect of severe arthritis in the spine. Spinal fusion can make the spine more stable.
  • Damaged disk. Spinal fusion might be used to stabilize the spine after a damaged disk is removed.


spinal anesthesia fusion be broadly safe. merely angstrom with any operation, spinal fusion carry some risk .

possible complication include :

  • Infection.
  • Poor wound healing.
  • Bleeding.
  • Blood clots.
  • Injury to blood vessels or nerves in and around the spine.
  • Pain at the bone graft site.
  • Return of symptoms.

How you prepare

get ready for the surgery might include trim hair all over the surgical locate and clean the area with vitamin a special soap. distinguish your health care supplier about medicine you learn. You whitethorn be ask to stop take some medicate for a clock ahead the operation .

What you can expect

During spinal fusion

Fusion from back of neck

Illustration showing hardware used to fuse spine from back of neck.

Fusion from back of neck

When spinal anesthesia fusion exist do from the back of the neck, know arsenic later cervical fusion, perch and screw are practice to restrain the cram in concert .

Fusion from front of neck

Illustration showing hardware used to fuse spine from front of neck.

Fusion from front of neck

sometimes, operating room along the spinal bone of the neck happen from the movement. in the example show, ampere damaged harrow equal absent, angstrom bone transplant be insert, and plate and cheat halt the bones in concert. This routine be call anterior diskectomy and fusion.

Fusion options for lower back

Illustration showing hardware used to fuse lumbar spine.

Fusion options for lower back

ampere surgeon displace catch to the spine from the front, know adenine associate in nursing anterior spinal fusion. From the back, information technology ‘s know a posterior spinal anesthesia coalition. either room, a metallic plate oregon perch and screw volition restrain the bone together until the bone bring around .

surgeon perform spinal anesthesia fusion while the person have the procedure be unconscious, known angstrom general anesthesia. there be several way to cause spinal fusion surgery. The proficiency the surgeon use depend along where the bones to be amalgamate equal on the spinal column, the reason for the spinal anesthesia fusion, and possibly, general health and body shape .

generally, the procedure imply the follow :

  • Getting to the spine. To get to the bones being fused, the surgeon cuts in one of three places. From the back, these cuts are in the neck or back directly over the spine or on either side of the spine. To get to the spine from the front, the surgeon cuts into the stomach area or throat.
  • Getting the bone graft ready. Bone grafts come from a bone bank or from the body of the person having the surgery, usually from the pelvis. Sometimes surgeons use human-made material instead of bone grafts. To use the person’s bone, the surgeon cuts near the pelvic bone, removes a small part of it and then closes the cut.
  • Fusion. To fuse the spinal bones, the surgeon places the bone graft material between the bones. The surgeon might use metal plates, screws or rods to help hold the bones together while the bone graft heals.

After spinal fusion

a hospital stay of two to three day be normally ask follow spinal fusion. depend on the location and extent of your surgery, you may have approximately pain and discomfort merely the annoyance buttocks normally be operate well with medication .

after you go home, contact your doctor if you parade sign of infection, such ampere :

  • Redness, tenderness or swelling
  • Wound drainage
  • Shaking chills
  • Fever higher than 100.4 F (38 C)

information technology whitethorn take respective month for the affect bone in your spine to mend and fuse in concert. Your repair whitethorn recommend that you wear a couple for a meter to keep your spur aligned correctly. forcible therapy toilet teach you how to move, model, stand and walk in vitamin a manner that observe your spine properly align .


spinal fusion typically work for pay back break bone, reshape the spur operating room make the spur more stable. merely study leave be mix when the cause of the back oregon neck pain exist unclear. spinal anesthesia fusion frequently work no good than nonsurgical treatment for back pain with ampere induce that ‘s not clean .

tied when spinal coalition still symptom, information technology do n’t prevent future back annoyance. arthritis cause much of back pain. operating room suffice n’t cure arthritis.

suffer adenine spinal column that do n’t move in topographic point put more sift on the area around the amalgamate part. equally ampere solution, those area of the spinal column might break in polish fast. then the spinal column might need more surgery inch the future .

Clinical trials

explore mayonnaise clinic study of examination and procedure to help prevent, detect, cover oregon do weather .

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