Types of Beans
Warm season bean plants are cultivated for their highly alimentary green pods ( snap beans ), unfledged seeds ( shell beans ) or mature seeds ( dry beans ). Beans may fall into two categories : determinant-type growth, those that grow as a low bush-league, or indeterminant, those with a vining habit requiring subscribe, besides known as pole beans .
green snatch beans may be the most companion to people. These green beans with an edible pod used to be called ‘ string ’ beans, but today ’ second varieties have been bred to lack the tough, stringy fiber along the pod ’ south seam. now they “ snap ” in two well. Some green snap beans are not park at all, but purple and, when cooked, become green. There are besides wax beans, which are plainly a discrepancy of snap attic with a yellow, waxen pod .
Lima or butter beans are grown for their young seed which is shelled. These beans are flat and rounded with a very distinct season. They are the most sensible type of bean.
horticultural beans, normally referred to as “ shelly beans ” ( among many early assorted monikers ), are large seeded beans with a tough roughage lined pod. The seeds are normally shelled while still relatively soft, harvested when the beans are amply formed but not dried out. They may be either bush or pole types and many of the heirloom varieties are horticultural .
Cowpeas are besides referred to as southern peas, crowder peas, and blackeye peas. They are, indeed, truly a bean and not a pea and are grown as a dry or green shell attic. Kidney, navy, and pinto are all examples of dry use cowpeas.
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How to Plant Beans
All types of beans should be sown after the risk of frost has passed and the land has warmed to at least 50 F. ( 10 C. ). Sow all beans except black-eyed pea, yard-long and lima one column inch ( 2.5 curium. ) deeply in heavy dirty or an edge and one-half ( 4 curium. ) deep in light soil. The other three types of beans should be planted a half column inch ( 1 curium. ) deep in heavy territory and an inch ( 2.5 curium ). deep in light dirt. Cover the seeds with sand, peat, vermiculite or aged compost to prevent dirty crust .
plant scrub bean seeds 2-4 inches ( 5-10 centimeter. ) apart in rows that are 2-3 feet ( 61-91 curium. ) apart and establish pole beans in either rows or hills with seeds 6-10 inches ( 15-25 curium. ) apart in rows that are 3-4 feet ( approximately 1 meter or so ) apart. Provide support for pole beans equally well.
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Growing pole beans gives you the advantage of maximizing your space, and the beans grow neat and are easier to pick. Bush-type bean plants need no corroborate, require fiddling care, and can be picked whenever you are cook to cook or freeze them. They typically produce an earlier crop excessively, so consecutive plantings may be necessary for a continual harvest .
Growing beans, regardless of type, do not need supplementary fertilizer but they do need reproducible irrigation, particularly while budding and on into setting pods. Water attic plants with an column inch ( 2.5 curium. ) of water per week depending upon upwind conditions. Water in the dawn so the plants can dry quickly and avoid fungal disease .