Food poisoning typically occurs when pathogens contaminate food or drink water. Though uncomfortable, food poison is relatively common. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ) estimates that 1 in 6 people in the United States will get some type of food poisoning each year.
What foods and drinks should I avoid?
Your body is already on the offensive, shooing off the pathogens responsible for food poison. You don ’ thyroxine want to give the invaders any more ammunition. Your priority should be to avoid the foods that caused you to get pale in the first seat. Throw the suspect perpetrator into the garbage immediately, and keep it exclude so the contaminated food is out of your pets ’ reach. Avoid foods, drinks, and substances that are tough on the abdomen, such as :
- caffeine, which is contained in beverages such as soda, energy drinks, or coffee
- spicy foods
- foods high in fiber
- dairy products
- fatty foods
- fried foods
- seasoned foods
- fruit juices
besides, remember to avoid any oral OTC diarrhea medications. Follow these simple tips, and you should be feeling better soon .
What causes food poisoning?
Five pathogens are responsible for most foodborne illnesses in the United States. These pathogens are :
- norovirus, commonly found in oysters, fruits, and vegetables
- Salmonella, commonly found in eggs, meat, and dairy products
- Clostridium perfringens, found in meat and poultry
- Campylobacter, found in undercooked meat and contaminated water
- Staphylococcus, found in animal products, such as cream, eggs, and milk
salmonella and norovirus are creditworthy for most hospitalizations for food poison. But hospitalizations for food poison can besides be caused by the stick to :
Undercooked kernel and improperly handled produce are coarse culprits in food poison. Wash your hands, utensils, and plates between naked and fudge stages. Most people who experience food poison don ’ thyroxine require a trip to the hospital, but you won ’ triiodothyronine want to speculation besides far from the toilet either. Upset stomach, vomiting, and diarrhea are the most coarse symptoms. They typically subside after 48 hours. If you have a history of dehydration, heart disease, embolism, or other serious health problems, seek help and drink enough of fluids. Call the Poison Help Line at 800-222-1222 if you experience austere symptoms. They track cases to help prevent outbreaks and can help determine if you should go to the hospital. Severe symptoms of food poisoning include :
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- blood in your stool
- severe abdominal cramping
- blurry vision
- diarrhea that lasts more than 3 days
These are all indications to seek medical care. Read on to find out the correct things to eat to recover promptly, and how else to know if you need to see a doctor .
Who is at a higher risk of complications?
Infants and children
food poison is as common in children as it is in adults, and it can be cause for business. Children, specially those under 1 year of senesce, are susceptible to botulism. Botulism is rare, but it can lead to paralysis and even death if not caught early on. Children are besides in greater danger of having dangerous reactions to the E. coli bacteria. Any baby or child that appears to have symptoms of food poisoning needs to be seen by a aesculapian professional to rule out botulism and dehydration. Children become dehydrated more well than adults and need to be monitored close .
pregnant people should treat any subject of food poisoning with caution. Listeria food poisoning has been shown to hurt the exploitation of unborn babies. proper nutrition in meaning people is essential to helping their babies develop. For this reason, any signs of food poison should be brought to the attention of a medical professional .
Older adults are besides more susceptible to complications from food poison. In particular, certain strains of E. coli can lead to hemorrhaging and kidney failure. If an adult over 65 has symptoms of food poison, they should contact their primary worry doctor for advice .
People with chronic conditions
People who have chronic illnesses such as HIV, liver disease, or diabetes are at a greater risk of experiencing more good complications of food poisoning. Those receiving treatments that suppress the immune answer, such as chemotherapy, are besides at greater hazard.
When to talk with a doctor
The symptoms of food poisoning preceptor ’ triiodothyronine typically last more than 48 hours. If diarrhea lasts longer than 3 days, it ’ s time to call a medical professional. Remember that severe symptoms, such as bloody stool, dizziness, muscleman failing, and hard stomach cramp should be taken badly. Don ’ metric ton wait for those symptoms to subside before seeing a repair .
Food poisoning in restaurants
Q: What can I do to prevent getting food poisoning when I go out to eat? A: To avoid food poisoning at restaurants, choose to frequent ones that have few to no health code violations. Check your local county health and homo services department for restaurants with late infractions. many departments have a rate or number system to help you choose a restaurant and minimize your risk.
— Natalie Butler, RD, LD Answers represent the opinions of our medical experts. All content is strictly informational and should not be considered medical advice .