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For refugees and asylees
People who fear, or have experienced, persecution in their home country — because of their race, religion, nationality, political public opinion, or membership in a particular social group — can seek protective covering in the United States by applying for a visa from overseas ( to come as refugees ) or from within the United States ( to remain as asylees ). once they have physically lived in the United States for at least one year since receiving refugee status or mental hospital, they may apply for a permanent resident calling card. Children and spouses ( and in some cases, other family members ) of refugees and asylees may besides seek protection in the United States under these programs and finally apply for a green card .
For human-trafficking victims
Victims of homo traffic who are living in the United States — whether legitimately or unlawfully ( in other words, “ undocumented ” ) — may apply for a T visa to stay in the United States for up to four years. As a discipline of the T visa, however, they must help to investigate and prosecute perpetrators of human traffic ( unless the victim is under historic period 18, in which case they need not help with such efforts ). To qualify for a permanent wave house physician card, the applicant must have physically lived in the United States for one of the surveil periods, whichever is shorter :
- Three years since receiving a T visa
- The duration of an investigation or prosecution of human trafficking
They must besides meet other eligibility requirements. These include, for example, demonstrating “ good moral quality ” ( meaning they have not committed certain crimes, such as imposter, prostitution, or murder ) from the meter they received a T visa until they ’ re approved for a green wag. As another case, they must demonstrate to the U.S. government that they would suffer extreme adversity involving severe harm if they were required to leave the United States. ( USCIS provides the full list of eligibility criteria. ) Certain family members will besides be eligible to apply for their own green cards vitamin a farseeing as both those relatives and the victim satisfy all requirements .
For crime victims
Victims of “ hearty physical or mental mistreat ” who are living in the United States — whether legally or unlawfully ( in other words, “ undocumented ” ) — may seek protection by applying for a U visa. To obtain a U visa, the victim ’ south application must be certified by a law enforcement agency. Like recipients of T visa ( see above ), an applicant for a U visa must besides agree to help investigate and prosecute people who commit certain crimes, such as kidnap, intimate assault, and agony.
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To qualify for a green menu, however, the applicant will need to fulfill other eligibility requirements, including the following examples :
- They must have physically lived in the United States for at least three years since receiving a U visa.
- They must not have left the United States from the time they applied for a green card until USCIS has approved (or denied) their application.
- They must not have refused to help investigate or prosecute certain crimes from the time they received a U visa until USCIS approves (or denies) their green card application.
The victim ’ sulfur children, parents, siblings, and spouse will besides be eligible to apply for their own green cards arsenic hanker as both those relatives and the victim satisfy all requirements .
For abuse victims
Victims of domestic ferocity ( battery or extreme cruelty ) may apply for a green calling card that would allow them to seek easing through the Violence Against Women Act ( VAWA ). Although this law was created to benefit women, it applies to both women and men, and both parents and children, who are victims of abuse.
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An misuse victim may apply for a permanent wave house physician circuit board on their own — without the cognition or license of their abusive relative, who can include :
- A current or former spouse who is a U.S. citizen or green card holder
- A parent who is a U.S. citizen or green card holder
- A child who is a U.S. citizen
USCIS will not notify the abusive relative of the application in decree to keep the victim safe. ( Full eligibility requirements are detailed on the USCIS web site. ) IMPORTANT: If you or person you know is experiencing domestic abuse now, contact the National Domestic Violence Hotline right away at 1-800-799-7233 or 1-800-787-3224 ( TTY ). You ’ ll be able to talk with person about available resources, such as shelters, genial health concern, and legal aid. The hotline besides provides data about green cards through VAWA .