1.) Measure And Plan
first base, check your local build codes to make surely you are compliant .
measure the length for the new wall. besides measure the altitude of the ceiling ( if a ceiling is already in place ) in several places along the distance of the wall. Often, the ceiling altitude will vary slightly along the distance of a room. Find the shortest measurement from floor to ceiling and build your new frame to this acme .
Determine the number of studs required to build the wall by dividing the length measurement by 16 inches. Add two extra studs for “ end stud ”. If your ceiling measurement is 8 feet or less, you can use 8 foot log for the stud. If the acme is over 8 feet, use 10 foundation lumber for the stud. Take the wall length measurement to choose boards for the top and bottom plate. Two-by-fours are available from 8 feet, to over 20 feet long so choose boards that are a bit longer than the duration so you can cut them down to size.
Because you ’ re adding a door, you ’ ll besides need to account for the door frame. The door frame will consist of two king studs, which run the integral stature of the wall frame ; two clean-cut studs ( or jack scantling ), which fit inside the king stud and are the lapp acme as the doorway casing ; and a horizontal header across the top of the doorway that preserves the geomorphologic integrity .
2.) Build The Frame
Cut the lead and bottomland plates to the measure duration of the new wall. Take the shortest ceiling measurement, subtract the thickness of the two plates, and cut all the studs to this length. Calculate the placement for any door first step and cut the jack and cripple studs to length. Cut the header and have it ready when you layout the respite of the wall frame .
It is much easier to build the wall frame on the floor, then pivot it up into position. This is called tilt-up construction .
Build the frame with the lumber laying on boundary, on the floor next to where it will be erected. Start by laying the top and penetrate plates side by side and measure starting from one end. Mark both plates simultaneously, every 16 inches along their duration for the dot. then, mark the location for the door open. ( eminence : A frame should be built to accommodate a doorway with the penetrate home plate in place for constancy. The plate can then be cut out after construction is complete. )
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Separate the plates and lay the pre-cut dot between them so the centers align with each mark. Use a frame nailer to attach the framing members to create the wall. Nail through the sill and header into the stud for stronger joints. Cut and dry-fit the other components of the wall, making sure the distance between the spare stud is compensate for the door casing. Nail the king dot in put, then nail the shipshape dot ihttps : //www.acmetools.com/shop/tools/pneumatic-nailersnto the king stud and attach the header .
If building the wall on a concrete floor, e.g. in a basement, use pressure-treated lumber for any part of the frame that will come in reach with concrete. The sill plate should be pre-drilled for anchor bolts that attach the wall to the concrete .
3.) Position And Attach The Wall
Tilt the completed frame upright and shift it out of the way. Snap a straight chalk occupation on the floor to show the wall ’ randomness desired position. Use a retentive degree and a pencil to extend the line up the rampart. If the modern wall will attach to a framed wall, make indisputable it will be positioned at a stud. If it ’ mho attaching to a concrete block wall, position the wall so it lines up with the middle of the blocks .
Move the wall into place. Set the new frame plumb bob and squarely using a charge retain against the edge of the dot. Tap the plates one way or the other until they align with the marks and all your studs are plumb. If any point along the new wall frame is not cozy because of variances in the ceiling altitude, use forest shims driven under the bottom plate to tighten the fit.
Use a frame nailer to attach the wall to the floor before attaching to the other walls. To secure the wall to the concrete floor, use a drill with a freemasonry sting to drill a pilot program trap through the pressure-treated sill and into the floor. Use a hammer to syrian pound 2-1/2″ hard-cut freemasonry nails through the navigate holes and into the floor .
Nail the wall frame of reference to the walls on either side. If attaching to a concrete pulley wall, drill fender holes and nail down into the plaza of the concrete blocks, where the blocks are the strongest. Don ’ triiodothyronine collar into the joints between the blocks ; it ’ randomness not plug. When attaching to a wood-frame wall, make certain to nail into a stud .
After the frame has been installed, cut the bed plate to accept the new door. Use a handsaw to cut through the 2×4 home plate mighty future to the clean-cut stud. protect floors from the witness sword with a rubbish musical composition of plywood or a exchangeable, thin material. Cut the home plate, stopping about 1/8 edge from the floor, and use a chisel and hammer to finish the job .