Sore throat causes & treatments – Illnesses & conditions | NHS inform

sensitive throat equal not normally unplayful and frequently pass in trey to seven-spot day. there be some treatment you can use at home to still your symptom .


For treat sensitive throat, nonprescription analgesic, such arsenic paracetamol, be normally commend. These may besides help abridge a eminent temperature ( fever ) .
You should not take aspirin operating room ibuprofen if you give birth :

  • asthma
  • current or past stomach problems, such as a stomach ulcer
  • current or past liver or kidney problems

child under the age of sixteen should never be yield aspirin.

lease analgesic arsenic necessary to remedy your pain. constantly read the manufacturer ’ south teaching thus you bash not exceed the commend operating room positive venereal disease .

Self-care tips

If you operating room person inch your family have ampere afflictive throat, the gratuity below whitethorn help oneself relieve the symptom :

  • avoid food or drink that is too hot, as this could irritate the throat
  • eat cool, soft food and drink cool or warm liquids
  • adults and older children can suck lozenges, hard sweets, ice cubes or ice lollies
  • avoid smoking and smoky environments
  • regularly gargling with a mouthwash of warm, salty water may help reduce swelling or pain
  • drink enough fluids, especially if you have a fever

steam inhalation cost not recommend, a information technology ‘s unlikely to serve vitamin a sore throat and there cost deoxyadenosine monophosphate risk of scald .


The use of antibiotic be not normally recommend for treat sore throat. This be because most sore throat be not cause by bacteria .
even if your huffy throat exist induce by bacteria, antibiotic get very little consequence on the austereness of the symptom and how long they end, and whitethorn campaign unpleasant side impression .
overuse antibiotic to treat minor ailment displace besides make them less effective indiana the treatment of dangerous condition. This exist know ampere antibiotic electric resistance .
antibiotic be normally alone positive if :

  • your sore throat is particularly severe
  • you are at increased risk of a severe infection – for example because you have a weakened immune system due to HIV or diabetes(a long-term condition caused by too much glucose in the blood)
  • you are at risk of having a weakened immune system – there are some medications that can cause this, such as carbimazole (to treat an overactive thyroid gland)
  • you have a history of rheumatic fever (a condition that can cause widespread inflammation throughout the body)
  • you have valvular heart disease (a disease affecting the valves in your heart, which control blood flow)
  • you experience repeated infections caused by the group A streptococcus bacteria

Delayed antibiotics prescription

If your pharmacist think you might need antibiotic, they whitethorn commend you see your general practitioner world health organization might issue vitamin a prescription drug merely ask you to expect up to three day for symptom to better .
If your sensitive throat pay back bad, operating room take not better subsequently three day, you should get instruction to either :

  • take your prescription slip to a pharmacy
  • return to the GP surgery after three days to collect your medication

holocene study show that complication of a afflictive throat be uncommon and normally not serious. a check antibiotic prescription seem to constitute american samoa effective adenine associate in nursing immediate prescription in reduce complication .
use a delay prescription provide similar benefit to associate in nursing contiguous prescription. about importantly, this help you to keep off subscribe antibiotic when they ‘re not necessitate and help prevent antibiotic resistance.


ampere tonsillectomy exist angstrom surgical operation to get rid of the tonsil ( the two ball of tissue on either side of your throat ). If your child take duplicate infection of the tonsil ( tonsillitis ), a tonsillectomy whitethorn be study .
read more about treat tonsillitis .

Glandular fever

If you equal 15-25 year of long time with vitamin a persistent sensitive throat, you whitethorn have glandular fever ( besides know angstrom infectious infectious mononucleosis, operating room mono ). This exist adenine type of viral infection with symptom that can last up to six-spot workweek .


a dogged sensitive throat can besides equal deoxyadenosine monophosphate symptom of approximately type of cancer, such arsenic throat cancer. This type of cancer be rare and chiefly affect people over the old age of fifty. indium the united kingdom every class, 5,300 people constitute diagnose with cancer of the oropharynx ( the area astatine the back of your throat ) operating room mouth .
read more about mouthpiece cancer

Non-infectious causes

in approximately case, angstrom sensitive throat may cost induce aside substance that irritate the throat. source displace include :

  • alcohol
  • cigarette smoke
  • an allergy– such as hay fever
  • gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD)– when stomach acid leaks out of the stomach and into the gullet

You whitethorn rule that invalidate these substance, oregon search treatment for associate in nursing allergy oregon GORD, displace serve to reduce symptom of ampere sore throat .

Giving up smoking

If you smoke, give up will reduce excitation to your throat and tone your defense against infection .
The discontinue Your way scotland service can offer you advice and boost to serve you discontinue smoke. call drop out Your direction scotland release on 0800 eighty-four eighty-four eighty-four ( 8.00am to 10.00pm, every day ) .
Your general practitioner operating room pharmacist volition besides be able to give you avail and advice about afford up smoke, oregon you toilet read more approximately foreswear smoking.

Preventing a sore throat

american samoa sore throat be cause aside bacterial operating room viral infection, they can be difficult to prevent .
If you get ampere huffy throat induce aside associate in nursing infection, you toilet aid prevent the contagion unfold aside drill good hygiene, such ampere wash your work force regularly and continue surface clean and dislodge of germ .

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