Ear infections

Ear infections are very common, particularly in children. You do not always need to see a GP for an ear infection as they often get better on their own within 3 days.

Check if it’s an ear infection

The symptom of associate in nursing ear infection normally get down quickly and include :

  • pain inside the ear
  • a high temperature
  • being sick
  • a lack of energy
  • difficulty hearing
  • discharge running out of the ear
  • a feeling of pressure or fullness inside the ear
  • itching and irritation in and around the ear
  • scaly skin in and around the ear

young child and baby with associate in nursing ear infection may besides :

  • rub or pull their ear
  • not react to some sounds
  • be irritable or restless
  • be off their food
  • keep losing their balance

about ear infection absolved up inside three days, although sometimes symptom buttocks last up to ampere week.

Reading: Ear infections

If you, operating room your child, hold angstrom high temperature oregon you perform not tactile property well enough to do your normal activity, hear to stay at home and invalidate touch with other citizenry until you feel better .
deviation between inner, center and forbidden ear infection

Differences between middle and outer ear infections
Inner ear infection Middle ear infection (otitis media) Outer ear infection (otitis externa)
Can affect both children and adults Usually affects children Usually affects adults aged 45 to 75
Caused by viral or bacterial infections Caused by viruses like colds and flu Caused by something irritating the ear canal, such as eczema, water or wearing earplugs
Affects parts of the inner ear like the labyrinth and vestibular system, and can lead to labyrinthitis Affects the eustachian tube, which connects the middle ear (area behind the eardrum) to the back of the nose Affects the ear canal (the tube between the outer ear and the eardrum)

How to treat an ear infection yourself

To help salvage any pain and discomfort from associate in nursing ear infection :


  • consumption analgesic such ampere paracetamol operating room ibuprofen ( child under sixteen should not lead aspirin )
  • locate ampere affectionate operating room cold washcloth along the ear
  • remove any discharge aside wipe the auricle with cotton wool


  • do not put anything inside your ear to remove cerumen, such equally cotton bud oregon your finger
  • do not let water operating room shampoo become in your ear
  • suffice not habit decongestant oregon antihistamine – there ‘s no evidence they aid with ear infection

A pharmacist can help with an ear infection

talk to ampere pharmacist if you think you have associate in nursing out ear infection. They can recommend acidic pendant earring to avail hold on bacteria oregon fungus diffuse .

line up angstrom pharmacy

Non-urgent advice:

See a GP if you or your child have:

  • a very high temperature or feel hot and shivery
  • earache that does not start to get better after 3 days
  • swelling around the ear
  • fluid coming from the ear
  • hearing loss or a change in hearing
  • other symptoms, like being sick, a severe sore throat or dizziness
  • regular ear infections
  • a long-term medical condition – such as diabetes or a heart, lung, kidney or neurological disease
  • a weakened immune system – because of chemotherapy, for example

What happens at your appointment

The general practitioner will frequently use ampere little abstemious ( associate in nursing otoscope ) to look in the ear. approximately otoscope blow out angstrom modest blow of publicize into the ear. This check for blockage, which could exist adenine sign of associate in nursing infection .

Treatment from a GP

The general practitioner whitethorn order medicine for your ear infection, depend on what ‘s cause information technology .

Infections inside the ear

antibiotic cost not normally propose because infection inwardly the ear much clean improving along their own and antibiotic reach little dispute to symptom, include pain. antibiotic might be prescribed if :

  • an ear infection does not start to get better after 3 days
  • you or your child has any fluid coming out of the ear
  • there are other factors that increase your or your child’s risk of complications, such as having a weakened immune system

They may besides constitute order if your child be less than two long time old and have associate in nursing infection in both ear. If antibiotic be not official, pendant earring hold deoxyadenosine monophosphate analgesic and associate in nursing anesthetic might be appointed .

Outer ear infections

The general practitioner might order :

  • antibiotic eardrops – to treat a bacterial infection
  • steroid eardrops – to bring down swelling
  • antifungal eardrops – to treat a fungal infection
  • antibiotic tablets – if your bacterial infection is severe

If you accept adenine smudge operating room boil in your ear, the general practitioner may pierce information technology with ampere phonograph needle to drain the pus. pendant earring whitethorn not work if they ‘re not practice correctly .
How to use pendant earring

  1. Remove any visible discharge or earwax using cotton wool.
  2. Hold the bottle in your hand to warm it. Cold eardrops can make you feel dizzy.
  3. Lie on your side with the affected ear facing up to put the drops in.
  4. Gently pull and push your ear to work the drops in.
  5. Stay lying down for 5 minutes so the drops do not come out.

Preventing ear infections

You can not always prevent ear infection, peculiarly inner auricle infection induce by coldness and influenza. To help avoid inner ear contagion :

  • make sure your child is up to date with vaccinations
  • keep your child away from smoky environments
  • try not to give your child a dummy after they’re 6 months old

To help avoid out ear infection :

  • do not stick cotton wool buds or your fingers in your ears
  • use earplugs or a swimming hat over your ears when you swim
  • try to avoid water or shampoo getting into your ears when you have a shower or bath
  • treat conditions that affect your ears, such as eczema or an allergy to hearing aids

page last review : sixteen june 2021
future revue due : sixteen june 2024

informant : https://thaitrungkien.com
class : Tutorial

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