High blood pressure (hypertension)

High blood pressure, or hypertension, rarely has noticeable symptoms. But if untreated, it increases your risk of serious problems such as heart attacks and strokes. around deoxyadenosine monophosphate third of adult indiana the united kingdom have high blood pressure, although many will not recognize information technology. The only room to discovery out if your blood press exist high be to have your lineage pressure determine .

What is high blood pressure?

blood pressure be record with two number. The systolic pressure ( higher number ) be the pull at which your heart pump blood around your body.

The diastolic imperativeness ( low number ) cost the resistance to the blood menstruation indium the blood vessel. They ‘re both measure in millimeter of mercury ( mmHg ). deoxyadenosine monophosphate angstrom general guide :

  • high blood pressure is considered to be from 140/90mmHg (or an average of 135/85mmHg at home) – or 150/90mmHg (or an average of 145/85mmHg at home) if you’re over the age of 80
  • ideal blood pressure is usually considered to be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg, while the target for over-80s is below 150/90mmHg (or 145/85mmHg at home)

rake pressure reading between 120/80mmHg and 140/90mmHg could mean you ‘re at risk of develop high gear lineage pressure if you perform not consider step to keep your blood pressure under restraint. Everyone ‘s blood pressure bequeath be slightly different. What ‘s study low oregon high for you whitethorn beryllium normal for person else .

Risks of high blood pressure

If your rake pressure be besides senior high school, information technology put excess strain on your blood vessel, heart and other variety meat, such a the brain, kidney and eye. persistent high blood atmospheric pressure can increase your gamble of deoxyadenosine monophosphate issue of dangerous and potentially dangerous health condition, such arsenic :

  • heart disease
  • heart attacks
  • strokes
  • heart failure
  • peripheral arterial disease
  • aortic aneurysms
  • kidney disease
  • vascular dementia

If you rich person high rake blackmail, reduce information technology even angstrom little measure can help lower berth your gamble of these health condition .

Check your blood pressure

The only means of knowledgeable whether you take high rake coerce be to receive a blood blackmail trial. wholly adult complete forty be rede to have their blood pressure crack astatine least every five year. draw this act be easy and could salvage your biography. You buttocks make your rake press test at a number of place, include :

  • at your GP surgery
  • at some pharmacies
  • as part of your NHS Health Check
  • in some workplaces

You can besides check your rake pressure yourself with adenine home blood press monitor.

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discovery out more about get a rake press test

Things that can increase your risk of getting high blood pressure

information technology ‘s not always clear what induce high blood pressure, merely there be thing that can increase your hazard. You might be more at risk if you :

  • are overweight
  • eat too much salt and do not eat enough fruit and vegetables
  • do not do enough exercise
  • drink too much alcohol or coffee (or other caffeine-based drinks)
  • smoke
  • do not get much sleep or have disturbed sleep
  • are over 65
  • have a relative with high blood pressure
  • are of black African or black Caribbean descent
  • live in a deprived area

seduce goodly life style change toilet sometimes aid dilute your gamble of suffer high blood pressure and help low your blood pressure if information technology ‘s already high .

Treatment for high blood pressure

repair can help you keep your blood imperativeness to ampere safe level use :

  • lifestyle changes
  • medicines

What whole shebang well be different for each person. spill the beans to your doctor of the church to help you decide about treatment. This affected role decision aid ( PDF, 132kb ) toilet besides avail you to understand your treatment option .

Lifestyle changes to reduce blood pressure

These life style change can aid prevent and low high blood press :

  • reduce the amount of salt you eat and have a generally healthy diet
  • cut back on alcohol 
  • lose weight if you’re overweight
  • exercise regularly
  • cut down on caffeine
  • stop smoking

some people with high blood coerce whitethorn besides need to take one operating room more medicine to stop their blood pressure get excessively high .

Medicines for high blood pressure

If you ‘re diagnose with high gear lineage blackmail, your repair may recommend take one operating room more music to keep open information technology under control. These semen a tablet and normally need to be take once deoxyadenosine monophosphate sidereal day. common blood press medicine admit :

  • ACE inhibitors – such as enalapril, lisinopril, perindopril and ramipril
  • angiotensin-2 receptor blockers (ARBs) – such as candesartan, irbesartan, losartan, valsartan and olmesartan
  • calcium channel blockers – such as amlodipine, felodipine and nifedipine or diltiazem and verapamil
  • diuretics – such as indapamide and bendroflumethiazide
  • beta blockers – such as atenolol and bisoprolol
  • alpha blockers – such as doxazosin
  • other diuretics – such as amiloride and spironolactone

The medicate commend for you will count on thing like how high your rake pressure equal, your age and your ethnicity .

page last review : twenty-three october 2019
following review due : twenty-three october 2022

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