How to Cite an Interview: MLA, APA, and Chicago Style | Quetext Blog

Why Interview Citations Are Important

In any write project you undertake, it ’ sulfur fabulously important to cite all relevant sources that you ’ ve referenced in that project. Failing to attribute a fact or statement to the appropriate generator is not merely unprofessional and unethical ; it besides can get you in trouble oneself at work, or could be a trespass of your school ’ s academic integrity policy. Proper citation of all your address sources can help you avoid all that .

How to Cite an Interview

How you cite an consultation will depend on the type of interview, whether it ’ s been published, and if so, how. here ’ randomness everything you need to know about citing interviews in MLA, APA, and Chicago dash, with citation examples .

Citing Personal Interviews vs. Published Interviews

personal or unpublished interviews are those that you conduct yourself with the interviewee. personal interviews have not been published anywhere, making them very simple to cite across all manner guides. however, a published interview requires a more complicate web of data .
As you ’ ll attend, each citation style has different rules for different types of interviews. In general, however, just remember that a citation to a published consultation must besides include a quotation to the publication.

APA Citations

Under the 7th Edtion APA Style Guide, there are three types of interviews : published, personal, and research-participant interviews. Published interviews must be cited in a classify mention tilt, while personal and research-participant interviews should have in-text or parenthetic citations .

Published Interviews

Published interviews follow the like citation format as the source in which they are published. For case, to cite a YouTube video interview, cite the YouTube television that it comes from :

  • Wombat, W. [SuzyScholar1]. (2020, December 28). Wombats in the Wild [Video]. YouTube.

besides, if you ’ re referencing an interview in a periodical, you would cite that periodical. note that only the interviewee ’ s first initial is used in APA format, preferably than their entire first name. When citing a PDF, you should besides include the digital object identifier ( DOI ), if available, even if the periodic is in print :

  • Wombat, W. (2020). Interview by Suzie Scholar. Wildlife Journal, 47(3), 63-88.

Personal Interviews and Research-Participant Interviews

personal interviews are considered personal commensurateness under the APA Style Guide, and consequently wear ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate require a citation in the reference point list. Likewise, research-participant interviews are interviews that you conduct yourself for that firearm of research .
personal and research-participant interviews should be left to in-text citations and parenthetical expression references .

MLA Format

The MLA Style Guide distinguishes between personal interviews and published interviews with different citation format rules for each .

Personal Interviews

Citing a personal interview in MLA Style is very simpleton. You ’ ll need the interviewee ’ randomness end list and beginning name, and the date of the interview :

  • Wombat, Walter. Personal interview. 17 Mar. 2017.

Published Interviews

There are flimsy differences between the proper format of MLA citations for interviews published in print, on-line, and broadcast via radio, television, or film .
Print Publications – If the interview is published in a book, periodic, or another print source, cite it like any single article or section within the larger cultivate. The name of the interviewee takes the topographic point of the generator name, and the title of the interview takes the target of the article title. besides included is publication data such as bulk and page act :

  • Wombat, Walter. Interview by Suzie Scholar. Wildlife Journal, vol 47, no. 3, 2018, pp. 43-68.

note that if the interview has no title, you can replace it with the form, “ Interview by Interviewer. ”
Film, Television, Radio, etc. – Similarly, with film or broadcast interviews, you first identify the interviewee, the title of the consultation, and then the source that it came from .

  • Wombat, Walter. “Interview by Suzie Scholar.” Wombats in the Wild. Twentieth Century Fox, 2016.

Online-Only Publications – Online-only publications follow the lapp general rules as print publications. alternatively of book and other print data, though, you identify the date of publication, the direct web address of the interview, and the date you stopping point accessed it :

  • Wombat, Walter. Interview by Suzie Scholar. Worldwide Wombats, 28 Dec. 2019, Accessed 13 Nov. 2020.

Chicago Style

The Chicago Manual of Style distinguishes between unpublished interviews and published or broadcast interviews. The Chicago Manual of Style has different rules for print media and broadcast media among published interviews.

As a general rule, in-text citations and notes are in the format “ foremost name last identify, ” while citations in a separate reference tilt are formatted with the interviewee ’ second last list beginning. The interviewer is constantly referenced “ foremost name last name. ”

Unpublished Interviews

Chicago style guidelines for unpublished interviews are designed to help the reader understand the interview context. They are good included as in-text citations or footnotes preferably than as depart of a separate bibliography :

  1. Walter Wombat ( a wombat ) in discussion with Suzie Scholar, January 2020 .

If there is a record of the original consultation available, include information about where to find that recording, equally well .

Published Interviews

Interviews in print publications are handled differently from broadcast interviews. A print interview is cited similarly to a periodic, with the interview championship in quotation marks :

  1. Walter Wombat, “ Weird Wombat Facts, ” interview by Suzie Scholar, Wildlife Journal, no. 47 ( Winter/Spring 2020 ) : 63 .


  • Wombat, Walter. “Weird Wombat Facts.” By Suzie Scholar. Wildlife Journal, no. 47 (Winter/Spring 2020): 63-88.

Broadcast interviews have their own specific format deoxyadenosine monophosphate well, depending on whether they ’ re cited in-text or in a separate bibliography :

  1. Walter Wombat, interview by Suzie Scholar, Wild Wombats Podcast, Nature Podcasts, January 11, 2020 .


  • Wombat, Walter. Wild Wombats Podcast. By Suzie Scholar. Nature Podcasts, January 11, 2020.

Double-Check Your Work

One final step that can help you double-check your work for unintentional paraphrase or copy is to use a plagiarism checker. Professors, editors, and early professionals use plagiarism checkers to verify that the content they ’ ve received is all original. You can use the like tools they use to check your work yourself .
Some plagiarism checkers like Quetext even include advanced features to make your job easier. Quetext detects even unintentional plagiarism in your function, which is particularly helpful when it comes to how to cite an interview .
It then begins auto-generating citations in whatever citation format you prefer. You fill in the blanks, and precisely like that, you have a completed citation where you didn ’ metric ton even realize you needed one .

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