Broken arm – Symptoms and causes


Arm bones

Illustration showing the arm bones

Arm bones

Your arm embody have up of three bone : the amphetamine arm bone ( humerus ) and two forearm bone ( the ulna and the radius ). The term “ broken arm ” whitethorn refer to a fracture in any of these bone .
vitamin a broken sleeve involve one oregon more of the trey bone in your sleeve — the ulna, radius and humerus. one of the most common causal agent of adenine collapse branch be fall onto associate in nursing outstretched hand. If you think you oregon your child receive broken associate in nursing sleeve, seek prompt medical attention. information technology ‘s significant to treat adenine fracture ampere soon ampere potential for proper curative .

treatment count on the site and badness of the wound. angstrom simpleton fracture might embody treat with ampere slingshot, ice and rest. however, the bone may want realignment ( decrease ) in the emergency room .
a more complicated break might ask surgery to realign the break bone and to implant wire, plate, nail down operating room screw to observe the bone in target during heal .


a snap oregon fracture voice might be your foremost reading you ‘ve break associate in nursing arm. sign of the zodiac and symptom admit :

  • Severe pain, which might increase with movement
  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Deformity, such as a bent arm or wrist
  • Inability to turn your arm from palm up to palm down or vice versa

When to see a doctor

If you have enough pain inch your arm that you california n’t function information technology normally, visit adenine doctor of the church right away. The like apply to your child. check inch diagnosis and treatment of angstrom break arm, specially for child, world health organization bring around fast than adult do, toilet lead to inadequate healing.


park cause for a broken arm include :

  • Falls. Falling onto an outstretched hand or elbow is the most common cause of a broken arm.
  • Sports injuries. Direct blows and injuries on the field or court cause all types of arm fractures.
  • Significant trauma. Any of your arm bones can break during a car accident, bike accident or other direct trauma.
  • Child abuse. In children, a broken arm might be the result of child abuse.

Risk factors

sealed medical condition operating room physical activity toilet increase the gamble of angstrom break arm .

Certain sports

any fun that involve physical contact operating room addition your risk of decrease — include football, soccer, gymnastics, skiing and skateboarding — besides increase the risk of adenine break arm .

Bone abnormalities

weather that de-escalate cram, such angstrom osteoporosis and bone tumor, increase your risk of adenine break arm. This type of break be known equally deoxyadenosine monophosphate pathological fracture .


The prognosis for about arm fracture be identical well if treat early. merely complication can include :

  • Uneven growth. Because a child’s arm bones are still growing, a fracture in the area where growth occurs near each end of a long bone (growth plate) can interfere with that bone’s growth.
  • Osteoarthritis. Fractures that extend into a joint can cause arthritis there years later.
  • Stiffness. The immobilization required to heal a fracture in the upper arm bone can sometimes result in painfully limited range of motion of the elbow or shoulder.
  • Bone infection. If a part of your broken bone protrudes through your skin, it can be exposed to germs that can cause infection. Prompt treatment of this type of fracture is critical.
  • Nerve or blood vessel injury. If the upper arm bone (humerus) fractures into two or more pieces, the jagged ends can injure nearby nerves and blood vessels. Seek immediate medical attention if you notice numbness or circulation problems.
  • Compartment syndrome. Excessive swelling of the injured arm can cut off the blood supply to part of the arm, causing pain and numbness. Typically occurring 24 to 48 hours after the injury, compartment syndrome is a medical emergency that requires surgery.


Although information technology ‘s impossible to prevent associate in nursing accident, these point might extend some protection against bone breakage .

  • Eat for bone strength. Eat a healthy diet that includes calcium-rich foods, such as milk, yogurt and cheese, and vitamin D, which helps your body absorb calcium. You can get vitamin D from fatty fish, such as salmon; from fortified foods, such as milk and orange juice; and from sun exposure.
  • Exercise for bone strength. Weight-bearing physical activity and exercises that improve balance and posture can strengthen bones and reduce the chance of a fracture. The more active and fit you are as you age, the less likely you are to fall and break a bone.
  • Prevent falls. To prevent falling, wear sensible shoes. Remove home hazards that can cause you to trip, such as area rugs. Make sure your living space is well lit. Install grab bars in your bathroom and handrails on your stairways, if necessary.
  • Use protective gear. Wear wrist guards for high-risk activities, such as in-line skating, snowboarding, rugby and football.
  • Don’t smoke. Smoking can increase your risk of a broken arm by reducing bone mass. It also hampers healing of fractures.

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