Ways HIV Can Be Transmitted | HIV Transmission | HIV Basics | HIV/AIDS | CDC

Can I get HIV from anal sex?
icon of a man and woman in bed You can get down hiv if you suffer anal sex with person world health organization have human immunodeficiency virus without use protection ( wish condom oregon medicine to treat oregon prevent human immunodeficiency virus ) .

  • Anal sex is the riskiest type of sex for getting or transmitting HIV.
  • Being the receptive partner (bottom) is riskier than being the insertive partner (top).
  • The bottom’s risk is higher because the rectum’s lining is thin and may allow HIV to enter the body during anal sex.
  • The top is also at risk. HIV can enter the body through the opening at the tip of the penis (urethra); the foreskin if the penis isn’t circumcised; or small cuts, scratches, or open sores anywhere on the penis.

Can I get HIV from vaginal sex?

icon of a man and woman in bed You can get human immunodeficiency virus if you own vaginal sex with person world health organization suffer hiv without use protection ( like condom oregon music to treat operating room prevent human immunodeficiency virus ) .

  • Vaginal sex is less risky for getting HIV than receptive anal sex.
  • Either partner can get HIV during vaginal sex.
  • HIV can enter a person’s body during vaginal sex through the delicate tissue that lines the vagina and cervix.
  • Vaginal fluid and blood can carry HIV, which can pass through the opening at the tip of the penis (urethra); the foreskin if the penis isn’t circumcised; or small cuts, scratches, or open sores anywhere on the penis.

Can HIV be transmitted from a mother to her baby?
icon of a pregnant woman human immunodeficiency virus can be convey from deoxyadenosine monophosphate mother to her baby during pregnancy, birth, oregon breastfeed. however, information technology be less common because of advance inch hiv prevention and treatment.

  • This is called perinatal transmission or mother-to-child transmission.
  • Mother-to-child transmission is the most common way that children get HIV.
  • Recommendations to test all pregnant women for HIV and start HIV treatment immediately have lowered the number of babies who are born with HIV.
  • If a woman with HIV takes HIV medicine as prescribed throughout pregnancy and childbirth, and gives HIV medicine to her baby for 4 to 6 weeks after birth, the risk of transmission can be less than 1%.

Can I get HIV from sharing needles, syringes, or other drug injection equipment?
syringe icon You cost at high risk for beget hiv if you parcel acerate leaf, panpipe, operating room other drug injection equipment ( for exercise, cooker ) with person world health organization suffer hiv. never partake needle oregon other equipment to inject drug, hormone, steroid hormone, oregon silicone .

  • Used needles, syringes, and other injection equipment may have someone else’s blood on them, and blood can carry HIV.
  • People who inject drugs are also at risk for getting HIV (and other sexually transmitted diseases) if they engage in risky sexual behaviors like having sex without protection (such as condoms or medicine to prevent or treat HIV).
  • Sharing needles, syringes, or other injection equipment increases your risk for getting hepatitis B and hepatitis C, and other infections.

What are some rare ways that HIV has been transmitted?
Little to No Risk there be little to no hazard of scram hiv from the action below. For transmission to happen, something very strange would own to find .

Oral Sex

  • Oral sex involves putting the mouth on the penis (fellatio), vagina or vulva (cunnilingus), or anus (rimming).
  • Factors that may affect the risk of getting HIV include:
    • Ejaculation in the mouth with oral ulcers, bleeding gums, or genital sores.
    • The presence of other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
  • You can get other STDs from oral sex. If you get feces in your mouth during anilingus, you can get hepatitis A and hepatitis B, parasites like Giardia, and bacteria like Shigella, Salmonella, Campylobacter, and E. coli.

Workplace

  • The most likely cause is injury with a contaminated needle or another sharp object.
  • Careful practice of standard precautions protects patients and health care personnel from possible occupational HIV transmission.

icon of an IV blood bag

Medical Care

  • The US blood supply and donated organs and tissues are thoroughly tested. It is very unlikely that you would get HIV from blood transfusions, blood products, or organ and tissue transplants.
  • You cannot get HIV from donating blood. Blood collection procedures are highly regulated and safe.

icon of a woman eating

Food Contamination

  • The only known cases are among infants. Contamination occurs when blood from a caregiver’s mouth mixes with pre-chewed food and an infant eats it.
  • You can’t get HIV from consuming food handled by someone with HIV.

icon of an open mouth

Biting and Spitting

  • The small number of documented cases have involved severe trauma with extensive tissue damage and the presence of blood. This rare transmission can occur through contact between broken skin, wounds, or mucous membranes and blood or body fluids from a person who has HIV.
  • There is no risk of transmission through unbroken skin.
  • There are no documented cases of HIV being transmitted through spitting as HIV is not transmitted through saliva.

icon of open mouth kissing

Deep, Open-Mouth Kissing

  • Very rarely, transmission has occurred if both partners have sores or bleeding gums.
  • You can’t transmit HIV through closed-mouth or “social” kissing with someone who has HIV.
  • You can’t transmit HIV through saliva.

icon of two women in bed

Touching

  • Touching involves putting your hands, other body parts, or sex toys on your partner’s vagina, penis, or anus.
  • The only possible risk would be if body fluids from a person with HIV touch the mucous membranes or damaged tissue of someone without HIV. Mucous membranes are found inside the rectum, vagina, opening of the penis, and mouth. Damaged tissue could include cuts, sores, or open wounds.
  • You can get or transmit some other STDs (like human papillomavirus or HPV, genital herpes, and syphilis) through skin-to-skin contact.
  • If you touch someone’s anus and get feces on your hands or fingers, you can also get or transmit hepatitis A and hepatitis B. Infection with parasites like Giardia and bacteria like Shigella, Salmonella, Campylobacter, and E. coli can also occur.

icon of a tattoo artist and client

Tattoos and Body Piercings

  • There are no known cases in the United States of anyone getting HIV this way.
  • It is possible to get HIV from tattooing or body piercing if the equipment or ink has someone else’s blood in it. This is more likely to happen when the person doing the procedure is unlicensed because they may use unsterilized needles or ink.
  • If you get a tattoo or a body piercing, be sure that the person doing the procedure is properly licensed and uses only new or sterilized equipment.
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