Sebaceous Cyst: Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

greasy cysts are coarse, noncancerous cysts of the hide. Cysts are atypical growths in your consistency that may contain liquid or semiliquid material. greasy cysts are by and large found on your confront, neck, or torso. They grow lento and aren ’ metric ton life heavy, but they may become uncomfortable if they go unbridled. Doctors normally diagnose a cyst with lone a physical examination and your medical history.

In some cases, a cyst will be examined more thoroughly for signs of cancer . share on PinterestSebaceous Cyst at the upper back. Casa nayafana/Shutterstock

Causes of a sebaceous cyst

greasy cysts form out of your greasy gland. The greasy gland produces the oil ( called sebum ) that coats your hair and skin. Cysts can develop if the gland or its duct ( the passage from which the oil is able to leave ) becomes damaged or blocked. This normally occurs due to trauma to the area. The injury may be a scrape, a surgical wound, or a clamber condition, such as acne. greasy cysts grow lento, so the injury may have occurred weeks or months before you notice the cyst. other causes of a greasy vesicle may include :

  • misshapen or deformed ducts
  • damage to the cells during surgery
  • genetic conditions, such as Gardner’s syndrome or basal cell nevus syndrome

Symptoms of a sebaceous cyst

small cysts are typically not painful. large cysts can range from uncomfortable to well painful. large cysts on the face and neck may cause pressure and trouble. This type of cyst is typically filled with white flakes of keratin, which is besides a key element that makes up your skin and nails. Most cysts are soft to the partake. Areas on the body where cysts are normally found include :

  • scalp
  • face
  • neck
  • back

A greasy cyst is considered atypical — and possibly cancerous — if it has the follow characteristics :

  • a diameter that’s larger than 5 centimeters
  • a fast rate of reoccurrence after being removed
  • signs of infection, such as redness, pain, or pus drainage

Treatment of a sebaceous cyst

Your doctor of the church can treat a vesicle by draining it or by surgically removing it. normally, cysts are removed. This doesn ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate base they ’ re dangerous — it may be for cosmetic reasons. Since most cysts aren ’ thymine harmful to your health, your sophisticate will allow you to choose the treatment choice that works for you. It ’ mho important to remember that without surgical removal, your cyst will normally come rear. The best treatment to ensure dispatch removal is operating room. however, some people may decide against surgery because it can cause scar. Your doctor may use one of the pursue methods to remove your vesicle :

  • Conventional wide excision. This completely removes a cyst but can leave a long scar.
  • Minimal excision. A method that causes minimal scarring but carries a risk that the cyst will return.
  • Laser with punch biopsy excision. This uses a laser to make a small hole to drain the cyst of its contents (the outer walls of the cyst are removed about a month later).

After your vesicle is removed, your doctor may give you an antibiotic ointment to prevent infection. You should use this until the mend serve is complete. You may besides be given a scar cream to reduce the appearance of any surgical scars .

Diagnosis of a sebaceous cyst

Doctors often diagnose a greasy vesicle after a childlike physical examination. If your cyst is atypical, your doctor of the church may order extra tests to rule out possible cancers. You may besides need these tests if you wish to have the vesicle surgically removed. coarse tests used for a greasy vesicle include :

  • CT scans, which help your doctor spot atypical characteristics and find the best route for surgery
  • ultrasounds, which identify the contents of the cyst
  • punch biopsy, which involves removal of a small amount of tissue from the cyst to be examined in a laboratory for signs of cancer

Outlook for a sebaceous cyst

greasy cysts are generally not cancerous. Cysts left untreated can become very large and may finally require surgical removal if they become uncomfortable. If you have a complete surgical removal, the vesicle will most likely not return in the future. In rare cases, the removal locate may become infect. Contact your doctor if your skin shows any signs of contagion, such as red and pain, or if you develop a fever. Most infections will go aside with antibiotics, but some can be deadly if untreated .

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